About weepingredorger

I am a Yeti born in the heart of a mountain. I spent long time in Tokyo and was bored by the big city. I already retired. I like to go on a journey meeting places or persons not to know. If I die on the journey I wish to be buried in the place not to know. https://weepingredorger.wordpress.com

Plaza De Armas Cusco

From the convent of Santo Domingo we are going to the city centre, Plaza De Armas (Plaza Mayor of Cusco).

Street of El Sol Cusco

Finally arrived at the Plaza De Armas.

The Plaza de Armas was formerly a marsh, which was dried up during the Inca Empire and transformed into the administrative, religious and cultural center of the capital of the empire. After the conquest it was occupied by the Spaniards, who surrounded it with churches and mansions built on the surrounding Inca palaces.

Central Fountain and Jesuit Church, Plaza De Armas

The Iglesia of the Society of Jesus is a historic Jesuit church in the ancient capital of the Inca Empire. Its construction began in 1576, but it was badly damaged in an earthquake in 1650. The rebuilt church was completed nearly two decades later. It was dedicated to the Transfiguration of Christ.

Cusco Cathedral (Cathedral Basilica of the Assumption of the Virgin)

Iglesia del Triunfo (Church of Triumph) Cusco

Cusco Cathedral is the mother church of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Cusco. The building was completed in 1654, almost a hundred years after construction began. Adjacent and joined to the cathedral is the smaller Iglesia del Triunfo, It was the first cathedral to be built in Cusco.

Plaza De Armas Cusco

Women with llamas make tourists take pictures and get a small amount of money. It’s a good job! I gave them some coins.

Left the Plaza De Armas, we were walking into a nearby narrow street without a purpose.

Found some skillful ancient masonry skills.

Mantas Street and Basilica Menor de la Merced (Basilica Minor of the Merced)

The Church and Convent of la Merced, the baroque-style church was erected between 1657 and 1680. The sacristy keeps its most valuable treasure, an amazing monstrance of gold and precious stones.

From Mantas Street we were walking into Marquez Street and then gong to the street of Santa Clara.

Santa Clara Street Cusco

Plaza San Francisco and Iglesia de San Francisco on the street of Santa Clara

The arch of Santa Clara, It was built in 1835.

Passed through the Santa Clara Arch, the Iglesia de Santa Clara appears.

Church and Convent of Santa Clara Cusco

Santa Clara is the first monastery founded in Peru. Although the appearance of the church is devoid of architectural wealth, the interior looks splendid altars of gold stick mirrors which, in the light of the candles, give appearance of bright glare.

Interior of the church, Santa Clara.

Passing through in front of the Church of Santa Clara, the plaza and church of San Pedro come into view.

The Plaza of San Pedro & The Church of San Pedro Cusco

Why are there so many churches like this? I think that Spaniards had destroyed towns, killed natives, open graves and plundered many treasures. Still they wanted to go to heaven after death. So they built many churches. They were not wise.

Street vendors around the church of San Pedro Cusco.

Mercado Central de San Pedro (San Pedro market) Cusco; My friends love shopping, I am in trouble.

Inside of the San Pedro market; I got in the market unwillingly and took some photos. The San Pedro Market has all kinds of items.

Colorful Fruits, huge sausages, unique sneakers and traditional Pachamama Dolls for sale in the Market

Pachamama is a goddess revered by the indigenous people of the Andes. She is also known as the earth/time mother. In Inca mythology, Pachamama is a fertility goddess who presides over planting and harvesting, embodies the mountains, and  causes earthquakes.

After shopping at the San Pedro Market, we checked in at the hotel on the Plaza De Armas and took a rest for a while. 

Hotel Plaza De Armas and Night View of Plaza De Armas Cusco

At the night, I went out and took a few pictures of the Plaza De Armas after dinner. The square was very beautiful. The long day is over. Buenas noches.

Cusco Peru

We flew to Cusco from Lima at the morning, and arrived at the Cusco Airport.

Alejandro Velasco Astete International Airport

Alejandro Velasco Astete International Airport is an international airport located in the city of Cusco, in southeastern Peru. It was named in honor of the Peruvian pilot Alejandro Velasco Astete who was the first aeroplane pilot to cross the Andes in 1925. In September 1925, he crashed and died on the air show in the city of Puno.

Town Map of Cusco

Cusco is a city in southeastern Peru, near the Urubamba Valley of the Andes mountain range. Located at an elevation of 3,399 meters, Cusco has a population of 435,114 in 2013. Main Industry of Cusco a farming and mining department, and in the last years, the tourism has passed to be one of the main economic activities. The agriculture produces are mainly barley, corn, potatoes, quinoas, broad beans and other altitude crops. Cusco was the capital of the Inca Empire from the 13th until the 16th-century Spanish conquest.

View in front of the airport.

From the airport we are going to the city centre, the main square, the Plaza De Armas (Plaza Mayor of Cusco).

Óvalo de Pachacutec (Park of Pachacutec) and Monumento Inca Pachacutec

Pachacutec or Pachacuti Inca was the ninth Sapa (Emperor) Inca (1438–1472) of the Kingdom of Cusco which he transformed into the Inca Empire. Most archaeologists now believe that the famous Inca site of Machu Picchu was built as an estate for Pachacuti.

From the Pachacutec Park we are going north along the San Martin Street to the main square of Cusco.

Plaza Orellana Pumaqchupan Cusco

Plaza Orellana Pumaqchupan is a small park, located between the streets of Tullumayo and El Sol but they are very pretty and unique.

Monument of the Sun in the Orellana Pumaqchupan Park

Since Cusco is located in a high altitude and is close to the sun, so they love monuments of the sun, like this. (It’s a joke.)

Left Plaza Orellana Pumaqchupan Park, we are going to the main square of Cusco.  

From Orellana Pumaqchupan Park, we are going north along the El Sol street and Jardín Sagrado (Sacred garden) appears.

On the way, an old stone building appeared on El Sol Street. It is the Coricancha (Church and Convent of Santo Domingo) in the Sacred Garden.

Facade of Couvent Santo Domingo

Church and Convent of Santo Domingo Cusco

Once home to the most important temple in the Incan Empire, the foundations of Quricancha now lay within Iglesia de Santo Domingo, a church built by the Spanish after they virtually destroyed the former temple.

Coricancha (Qoricancha) Temple of the Sun

We have to hurry to Plaza De Armas.

Larcomar Lima

From the pyramid of Huaca Huallamarca we are going to the booked hotel in Miraflores.

On the way, a strange building appeared so we took some pictures.

Parroquia Santa Maria Reina (Santa Maria Reina Parish Church)

The statue of the Virgin Mary in front of the church and the altar.

This parish church is not so big, but its interior is very beautiful. At that time one of my friends said, “Let’s go shopping after this.” Other friends replayed “Good idea!” (Disgusted! Fed up! Boring! Why do the almost women in the world so love shopping?) The guide took us to Parque Salazar (Salazar Park).

Going to the Salazar Park. Plaza Ovalo Gutierrez and Crossing of St. Jorge Chávez and Av. José Pardo

Eventually we arrived at Salazar Park.

My friends are walking to the Larcomar Shopping Center.

Larcomar is an exclusive shopping center in the Miraflores district of Lima. It is frequently visited by international tourists, as well as by locals from Miraflores and other parts of Lima.

Larcomar Shopping Center

Larcomar is located on Av. Jose Larco, and it is along the cliff next to the mar (ocean or sea in English).

My friends have gone to the Larcomar Shopping Center and I still have been in the Salazar Park taking some shots of the scenery around the park.  

Salazar Park, Cliff and Ocean

Gone down the stairs, I am entering the shopping center.

Walking on each floor.

A family is enjoying shopping. Looks happy.

Free open space. Locals are relaxing.

It’ time to leave the Larcomar Shopping Center, Adios!

Left the Larcomar Shopping Center we are going to the Hotel Casa Andina Premium Miraflores. We headed north along the Jose Larco Street and reached at the Miraflores Central Park.

I took some pictures at the park. Miraculous Virgin Mary Parish Church, Miraflores City Hall, Central Park and Nougat Vendor.

I walked to the hotel from the Miraflores Central Park, it was about 6 minutes away.

Arrived at the hotel of Casa Andina Premium Miraflores.

I have come to like the town of Lima, but probably won’t come back again. Gracias por la ciudad de Lima. (Thanks for the town of Lima.)

Pyramid Huaca Huallamarca Lima

We flew to Lima Peru from La Paz Bolivia at that morning.

Scenery, the city of La Paz. We are leaving the city of La Paz for the El Alto International Airport.

View of Lima city. We are going to a restaurant in the Barranco District from the Jorge Chávez International Airport.

Arrived at the reputable restaurant “Cala” in the Barranco District.

After lunch, we are going to the pyramid of Huaca Huallamarca in the San Isidro District.

Through the district of Miraflores, we are going to the pyramid called Huaca Huallamarca.

Miraflores District is an exclusive residential and upscale shopping district south of downtown Lima. It is also one of the most affluent districts that make up the city of Lima.

We arrived at the pyramid of Huaca Huallamarca Lima.

Huaca Huallamarca is an archaeological site, located in the district of San Isidro, in the city of Lima.

Well, let’s get a ticket and enter the ruins.

The small museum of Huaca Huallamarca. We have to enter this museum and study this pyramid first.

PREHISPAIC HUALLAMARCA : Around the year 200 BC, the Central Coast was the home of several social groups, who shared the same culture, language and beliefs, forming small political units not cohesive among them. Today the archaeological evidence of public architecture of these groups is scarce. Small pyramids associated to settlements are mentioned, in other cases, the existence of stone platforms associated to courtyards. In the Rímac River lower valley a rare example of public building is the Huallamarca pyramid, built based on small handmade irregularly shaped adobes.

Chronological table (North, Center, South)

After 200AC. one of these cultural groups imposed forming a cultural unit that integrated several valleys, this is Lima culture. From that time, Huallamarca was abandoned until become cemetery hosting burials and mummies of the Lima and Yshmay cultures. When the Incas arrived to the Rimac valley (1470), the Señorio Yshmay was conquered and became inyo the province of Pachacamac. At that time, on the east side of the first platform of the archaeological site, enclosures, courtyards, kitchen and storage areas were built. 

Inside the museum.

Exhibits at the museum are mainly pots such as pots, mummies, and masks of the dead.

Really funny pots.

Left the museum, a doggie is here.

“Why is this dog here?” I asked. The guide said. We call him the professor of archaeology, who live in here and is investigating ruins every day. “I see! He seems to be wiser than my son.” I muttered.

We are walking up this slope to the highest terrace of the pyramid.

It seems that they restored the original elliptical pyramid to the rectangular one.

Arrived at the top of the pyramid.

Landscape in Lima, from the Huaca Huallamarca.

Funeral Chamber, Mummies of Huaca Huallamarca

Mummy’s costume, It is very unique, happy face.

Explanatory board says.

Learn about the funeral.

After learning about the funeral, we decided to leave her

ティワナク遺跡 ボリビア

9月14日広場から歩いて行くと、廃線になった鉄道駅があります。地元の人達は広場として利用しています。そのそばにティワナク遺跡があります。

From Plaza 14 de Septiembre, walking to Tiwanaku Ruins. The Gate “Welcome to Tiwanaku Ruins.” Closed railway station. The entrance of the Tiwanaku archaeological site.

ティワナクはボリビア西部のプリコロンビア(コロンブスのアメリカ到達以前)の遺跡の地域です。この辺りには紀元前1500年頃から、小さな農村として人々が住み始めました。

Arrived at Tiwanaku Ruins ティワナク遺跡に着きました。

Gate of Tiwanaku archaeological site ティワナク遺跡に着き、その中にはいります

ティワナクは紀元前300年代から西暦300年代の間、ティワナク帝国の精神と宇宙の中心であり、多くの人々が聖地として巡礼をしたと考えられています。  強力なヒスパニック系帝国の首都ティワナクは、南部のアンデス地帯の大部分を支配し、500〜900年の繁栄を築きました。

Tiwanaku Archaeological Area

1 Kantatallita (Temple) 2 Akapana (Pyramid) 3 Templete (Semi-subterranean temple) 4 Kalasasaya (Temple) 5 Putuni (Palace of the Sarcophagi) 6 Kerikala (Quarter for Priests) 7 Puerta de Laluna (Gate of Moon) and Piramide de Puma Punku (Pyramid of Puma Punku)

1カンタタリータ(寺院) 2アカパナ(ピラミッド) 3テンプレット(半地下構造の寺院) 4カラササヤ(寺院) 5プトゥニ(石棺のある墓所). 6ケリ・カラ(神官の居住区域) 7プエルタ・デ・ルナ(月の門)と プマ・プンク(ピラミッド)

当時この地域には文字がなかったので、古代のこの地域の正確な地名は分かりません。昔のこの地の人達はプクイナ語を話していたようです。

カンタタリータ 寺院 : カンタタリータ は半地下構造で中央部が低くなっていました。

Kantatallita Temple Tiwanaku カンタタリータ神殿の跡

この案内板によれば、この半地下寺院の特徴は巨大な安山岩の楣石(まぐさ石、入り口などの上の横木、梁石)です。現在、この門は崩壊、その見事なまぐさ石は地上に転がっている。

Remains of Kantatallita Temple Tiwanaku

Large blocks of gray andesite, showing works with curved contours.

 2アカパナ(ピラミッド) :アカパナはピラミッド構造で、長さ19幅182メートル、周囲800メートル、高さ18メートルです。ピラミッドと言ってもエジプトのそれと違い神事を執り行う場所です。

Akapana (cross-shaped pyramidal) Tiwanaku

アカパナピラミッドは7段階のテラスで構成されています。 各階ごとにそれぞれの擁壁によって保持されています。

We are going up the Akapana Pyramid, and arrived at the summit.

このピラミッドの頂上には半地下で十字形の神殿があったことから、ティワナクの人達はここを祈りの場所としていたことが分かります。またこの神殿は太陽あるいはほかの星の神々にささげられたと信じられています。

According to a recent study, a complex waterway was running inside the pyramid.

最近の調査によれば、ピラミッド内部に複雑な水路が走っていたことが分かっています。

The pyramid remains are destroyed terribly, and there is no longer the feature of ancient times.

 残念ながら、このピラミッドの遺跡はスペイン人による盗掘による徹底的な破壊のため当時の面影は全く残っていません。

テンプラット(半地下構造の寺院) :この半地下構造の神殿は低くなった長方形の区域でおよそ2mの深さがあります。その壁には200の彫られた人間の顔が埋めこもれています。また中央には彫刻された3本の柱が立っています。

Templete (Semi-subterranean temple), it has a central sunken court.

Three carved stone pillars are in the center. The carved stone heads are studded on the wall.

Kalasasaya (Temple) on the left, Templete (Semi-subterranean temple) on the right, photo taken from Akapana (Pyramid)

上はアカパナ(ピラミッド)からの写真です、右がテンプラット、左がカラササヤ神殿です。

カラササヤ(寺院) :ラササヤは周囲より高くなっていて、約120×130メートルの広い中庭が高い石の壁で囲まれています。

Main gate of Kalasasaya (It was closed.) Side wall of Kalasasaya (We are walking along the wall to the sanctuary.) 正面の門は保存のため通ることができません。

Heavy solid stone wall surrounds the sanctuary. この重厚な石の壁に沿って歩いて行きます。

The sanctuary of Kalasasaya Temple. カラササヤ神殿の聖域、壁に沿って石の部屋が並んでいます。

Puerta del Sol (Front and back of the Gate of the Sun) 有名な太陽の門。

太陽の門は、1500年以上前の古代のティワナク文化によって建てられた巨石の堅固なアーチです。 それは高さ約3.0m、幅4.0mで、一枚岩石から造られてています。 重量は10トンと推定されています。

Monolito (Monolith) Ponce and El Fraile 一枚岩の像ポンセとエル・フライレ

They are still excavating and restoring in the Kalasasaya temple.今も発掘、修復が続いています。

プトゥニ(サルコファギの宮殿): プトゥニは巨大な石の壁に囲まれていて、カラササヤに隣接しています、サルコファガス(Sarcophagus)の宮殿として知られています。(サルコファガスSarcophagusの複数がサルコファギSarcophagi;精巧な彫刻などを施した古代の石棺)

Putuni (Palace of the Sarcophagi),View from the Akapana (Pyramid) アカパナ(ピラミッド)からの写真。

プトゥニは長方形のプラットフォームで周囲より1.20mほど高くなっています。その内壁にはいくつかの埋葬室がならんでいます。

The inside of Putuni, the burial chambers are along the walls. プトゥニの内部、壁に沿っていくつかの埋葬室があります。

最近の発掘調査によると、当時のプトゥニの内部は慎重に造られた見事な敷石で覆われていたと云うことです。

Sarcophagus プトゥニの巨大な石棺

この場所は、古代ティワナク国の重要な人々の埋葬のための霊廟だったと云われています。

Putuni, the Palace of the Sarcophagus. Row of Sarcophagi. Trace of the illegal dig. Large headless monolith. 石棺の宮殿プトゥニ。 Sarcophagi石棺の列。 盗掘の跡。 大きな首のない彫像。

私達はどうやらゆっくり歩いていたので時間がなくなってしまいました。友人が「急いで月の門へ行って、写真を撮ってからラパスへ戻ろう」と言ったので私達は急いで歩きだしました。

Walking to the moon gate 月の門が見えてきました。月の門はカラササヤの西の端にあります。

Monolithic gate, the Puerta de la Luna 一枚岩で出来た月の門

動物のデザインが彫られた月の門は、太陽の門と似ていますがすこし小さいです。

私達は月の門を後にして、この遺跡の出口へ急ぎました。途中、私はユニークな石のモニュメントを見つけ写真を撮りました。この石碑の右端に小さなトカゲがいたからです。

Monument of the unique Tiwanaku deity. This little lizard is an inhabitant of this ruins.

小さなトカゲ、ティワナク.遺跡の住民

この古代ティワナクの神々を彫った石のモニュメントの右の下のあたりに、小さなトカゲがいました。このトカゲはティワナクが栄華をきわめた頃から生き残ったこの遺跡の住民です。人は滅びても彼等は今でもここに生きています。

Walking to the parking lot. Everyone looks fun. ティワナク遺跡のお土産屋さん、廃線になった駅に着飾った住民が集まっていました、リャマ牧場を通り過ぎて駐車場へ急ぎます。

皆楽しそうでした、私もとても楽しかった。ありがとう、さようならティワナクの人達それからあの小さなトカゲ。

ボリビアの小さな村 ティワナク

The articles of Tiwanaku in Japanese are very few on the net. I decided to translate these posts into the Japanese language for Japanese who are going to set on a trip to Bolivia. (ネット上に、 ティワナク村と遺跡の正確な記述が少ないので、前回の2つのポストを日本語で上梓することにしました。ボリビアへ行かれる人達の役に立てればと思います。)

その朝、私達はラ・パス (La Paz) のホテルから、小さな村ティワナクへ向かいました。

Streets of La Paz, Mountains of the Andes and Potato field (much garbage).

(上の写真は、ラ・パスの通り、アンデスの山々、ジャガイモ畑) ティワナクはボリビアのインガヴィ地方、ラ・パスの西65kmに位置し、車で1時間 40分程かかります。

Passing a llama ranch, Tiwanaku village comes into view. Traditional private house, Street to the village center.

(リャマ牧場を過ぎるとティワナク村の中心が見えてきます。伝統的な民家。歩いて村の中へ行きます。) ティワナクは海抜3845メートルのアルティプラーノにあり、古代の建築複合体で現在はボリビアで最古の遺跡があります。《アルティプラーノAltiplanoはアンデス山脈中の高原;ボリビアの3分の2を占め, ペルー南部にまで伸び、チチカカ湖を含む;標高3000-3900m》

Arrived at the main square of Tiwanaku, Plaza 14 de Septiembre (14th September Square).

(ティワナク村の中心、9月14日広場に着きました) 9月14日広場の出入りは四方にある、4ヶ所のアーチの門を通ります。このタイプの広場はかつてのペルー副王領で残っているのはここだけです。貴重な広場と言えるでしょう。

Plaza 14 de Septiembre (14th September Square)

9月14日広場は村人にとって憩いの場です。人々は買い物やおしゃべりを楽しみ、子供達を遊ばせます。またここには不思議なものが数多くあります。

Strange images in the Plaza.

(9月14日広場の不思議な像) 私には良く分かりませんが、ガイドの説明によると、多分インカ時代より前の神々の像のようだ。この頃は文字がなかったの良く分からないのです。

Monument “PACHAKUTI” (the return to balance) in the plaza.

このモニュメントも私には良く分からないのですが、この絵は宇宙を表しているようです。じっと見ていると無限の広がりを感じます。スペイン語で詩のような記述がありました。それを英語に訳すると下記のようになれます。更にそれを日本語に翻訳しました。

“PACHAKUTI (the return to balance): Everything starts from our hearts. That relationship of man with nature and the Cosmos. All being children of the same Sun, must return to a natural order of things and flow like the river that knows no borders” Marcelo Yaksic Vera 

ティワナク 9月14日広場、パチャクテクのモニュメント:(調和への帰還) 全ては私達の心の中から始まります、自然と宇宙と人間の係わりは。おなじ太陽のもとで生きる子供達は自然の摂理に戻るでしょう、そして境を知らない川のように流れます。マルセロ・ヤクシック・ヴェラ

(PACHAKUTI:Pachacuti パチャクテク、世界を造り変える者、クスコ王国の9代サパ・インカ(皇帝)、在位1438年-1471年)

Village office of Tiwanaku on the 14th September Square.

9月14日広場の村役場:村の人口は860人、大部分はアイマラ民族に属しています。

Iglesia San Pedro (Church of St. Peter), on the 14th September Square, Tiwanaku

9月14日広場と奥に見えるのは教区教会

Church of San Pedro de Tiahuanaco

ティワナク9月14日広場の聖ペテロ教会は1580年に建設が始まり1612年に完成しました。建設に使われた石材はティワナク遺跡から運ばれました。後にボリビアの国定史跡として登録されました。

Church of St. Peter and the alter, Tiwanaku

聖ペテロ教会とその主祭壇

この地域の年間平均気温は10℃、降水量は約600mmです。住民の大部分は農業に従事しています。主な作物はジャガイモ、大麦、食用ルピナス、食用カタバミ、キヌア(アワやヒエのような雑穀)と家畜の飼育、リャマ、牛、羊の飼育です。決して豊かではありません。

Edible lupines, oca quinoa (millet) and Oxalis tuberosa. Phots are from Wikipedia.

上の写真は食用ルピナス、キヌア(雑穀類)と食用の塊茎のために栽培されている南米のカタバミ。

私はこの小さな村が大好きです、村人は少しシャイですが親切です。この小さな貧しい村の人達に心の豊かさを感じました。私は高齢ですから再びこの地を訪れることはありませんが、いつまでもこの穏やかな暮らしが続くようにと思いながらティワナク遺跡へ歩いて行きました。

Tiwanaku Ruins Bolivia

From Plaza 14 de Septiembre, walking to Tiwanaku Ruins. The Gate “Welcome to Tiwanaku Ruins.” Closed railway station. The entrance of the Tiwanaku archaeological site.

Tiwanaku is a Pre-Columbian archaeological site in western Bolivia. The area around Tiwanaku may have been inhabited as early as 1500 BC as a small agricultural village.

Arrived at Tiwanaku Ruins

Gate of Tiwanaku archaeological site

During the time period between 300 BC and AD 300, Tiwanaku is thought to have been a moral and cosmological center for the Tiwanaku Empire, and one to which many people made pilgrimages. Tiwanaku, capital of a powerful pre-Hispanic empire, dominated a large area of the southern Andes and create prosperity between 500 and 900 AD.

Tiwanaku Archaeological Area

1 Kantatallita (Temple) 2 Akapana (Pyramid) 3 Templete (Semi-subterranean temple) 4 Kalasasaya (Temple) 5 Putuni (Palace of the Sarcophagi) 6 Kerikala (Quarter for Priests) 7 Puerta de Laluna (Gate of Moon) and Piramide de Puma Punku (Pyramid of Puma Punku)

The name by which Tiwanaku was known to its inhabitants may have been lost as they had no written language. The ancient inhabitants of Tiwanaku are believed to have spoken the Puquina language.

Kantatallita (Temple);  Kantatallita had a semi-underground structure, the central part was low.

Kantatallita Temple Tiwanaku

Explanation board says, Kantatallita; Surface vestiges of a semi-underground temple, stands a curved lintel with iconography of the classic time of Tiwanaku and a model in andesite.

Remains of Kantatallita Temple Tiwanaku; This is a trace that was completely destroyed and looted by the Spaniard.

According to the Spanish conquistador record, originally the stone gate of stood and there was a splendid lintel. Currently the stone gate collapses and the lintel falls down on the ground. 

Large blocks of gray andesite, showing works with curved contours.

Akapana (Pyramid); Akapana is a pyramidal structure located at the archaeological site of Tiwanaku in Bolivia. It is 194 meters long and 182 wide, with a perimeter of 800 m and a height of 18 meters.

Akapana (cross-shaped pyramidal) Tiwanaku

It consists of 7 stepped terraces supported by different retaining walls for each level. These terraces are separated by walls of carved sandstone that were filled with sediment and then compacted. 

We are going up the Akapana Pyramid, and arrived at the summit.

It is believed that the Thiuanak people used it as a place of worship, because at its top there was a semi-underground temple in the shape of a cross. It is believed to have been a temple dedicated to the sun or other astral deities.

According to a recent study, a complex waterway was running inside the pyramid.

The pyramid remains are destroyed terribly, and there is no longer the feature of ancient times.

Templete ; The Templete Semi Subterraneo (Semi Subterranean Temple) is a sunken rectangle area some two meters deep. The walls of the temple are studded with 200 stone carved heads.

Templete (Semi-subterranean temple), it has a central sunken court.

Three carved stone pillars are in the center. The carved stone heads are studded on the wall.

Kalasasaya (Temple) on the left, Templete (Semi-subterranean temple) on the right, photo taken from Akapana (Pyramid)

Kalasasaya (Temple) ; The Kalasasaya is a low platform mound with a large courtyard, which is surrounded by high stone walls.

Main gate of Kalasasaya (It was closed.) Side wall of Kalasasaya (We are walking along the wall to the sanctuary.)

The Kalasasaya is about 120 by 130 meters in dimension and aligned to the cardinal directions. 

Heavy solid stone wall surrounds the sanctuary.

The sanctuary of Kalasasaya Temple

Puerta del Sol (Gate of the Sun, the front and back of the gate.)

The Gate of the Sun is a megalithic solid stone arch, gateway constructed by the ancient Tiwanaku culture more than 1500 years ago. The object is approximately 3.0 m tall and 4.0 m wide, and is constructed from a single piece of stone. The weight is estimated to be 10 tons.

Monolito (Monolith) Ponce and El Fraile

 Megalithic statue called Monolito Ponce, the whole body has beautiful sculptural decorations. Gigantic stone statue called El Fraile, it is regarded as a symbol of water faith because the whole carved patterns are fish and crab.

They are still excavating and restoring in the Kalasasaya temple.

Putuni (Palace of the Sarcophagi) ; The Putuni is adjoined by the Kalasasaya, also known as the Palace of the Sarcophagus. It is surrounded by massive stone walls. 

Putuni (Palace of the Sarcophagi),View from the Akapana (Pyramid)

Putuni is a rectangular platform with a 1.20 m height, its inner walls contain burial chambers.

The inside of Putuni, the burial chambers are along the walls.

The excavations have revealed that the floors were covered with carefully dressed stone flags.

Sarcophagus

It is possible that this site has been a mausoleum for the burial of important people of Tiwanaku State.

Putuni, the Palace of the Sarcophagus. Row of Sarcophagi. Trace of the illegal dig. Large headless monolith.

We were walking slowly, so time has run out. Let’s go and take pictures of the moon gate hurriedly and go back to La Paz.

Walking to the moon gate

Puerta de la Luna (Gateway of the Moon) is near the western end of Kalasasaya.

Monolithic gate, the Puerta de la Luna (Gateway of the Moon)

The moon gate, carved with animal designs, is a similar but smaller than the Puerta del Sol.

After the Puerta de la Luna (Gateway of the Moon), we are leaving the archaeological site in a hurry.

Monument of the unique Tiwanaku deities. This little lizard is an inhabitant of this ruins.

Since I am old, I will never visit this place again. Sayonara, Tiwanaku deities and a little lizard. It was a lot of fun, Gracias.

Walking to the parking lot. Everyone looks fun.