ティワナク遺跡 ボリビア

9月14日広場から歩いて行くと、廃線になった鉄道駅があります。地元の人達は広場として利用しています。そのそばにティワナク遺跡があります。

From Plaza 14 de Septiembre, walking to Tiwanaku Ruins. The Gate “Welcome to Tiwanaku Ruins.” Closed railway station. The entrance of the Tiwanaku archaeological site.

ティワナクはボリビア西部のプリコロンビア(コロンブスのアメリカ到達以前)の遺跡の地域です。この辺りには紀元前1500年頃から、小さな農村として人々が住み始めました。

Arrived at Tiwanaku Ruins ティワナク遺跡に着きました。

Gate of Tiwanaku archaeological site ティワナク遺跡に着き、その中にはいります

ティワナクは紀元前300年代から西暦300年代の間、ティワナク帝国の精神と宇宙の中心であり、多くの人々が聖地として巡礼をしたと考えられています。  強力なヒスパニック系帝国の首都ティワナクは、南部のアンデス地帯の大部分を支配し、500〜900年の繁栄を築きました。

Tiwanaku Archaeological Area

1 Kantatallita (Temple) 2 Akapana (Pyramid) 3 Templete (Semi-subterranean temple) 4 Kalasasaya (Temple) 5 Putuni (Palace of the Sarcophagi) 6 Kerikala (Quarter for Priests) 7 Puerta de Laluna (Gate of Moon) and Piramide de Puma Punku (Pyramid of Puma Punku)

1カンタタリータ(寺院) 2アカパナ(ピラミッド) 3テンプレット(半地下構造の寺院) 4カラササヤ(寺院) 5プトゥニ(石棺のある墓所). 6ケリ・カラ(神官の居住区域) 7プエルタ・デ・ルナ(月の門)と プマ・プンク(ピラミッド)

当時この地域には文字がなかったので、古代のこの地域の正確な地名は分かりません。昔のこの地の人達はプクイナ語を話していたようです。

カンタタリータ 寺院 : カンタタリータ は半地下構造で中央部が低くなっていました。

Kantatallita Temple Tiwanaku カンタタリータ神殿の跡

この案内板によれば、この半地下寺院の特徴は巨大な安山岩の楣石(まぐさ石、入り口などの上の横木、梁石)です。現在、この門は崩壊、その見事なまぐさ石は地上に転がっている。

Remains of Kantatallita Temple Tiwanaku

Large blocks of gray andesite, showing works with curved contours.

 2アカパナ(ピラミッド) :アカパナはピラミッド構造で、長さ19幅182メートル、周囲800メートル、高さ18メートルです。ピラミッドと言ってもエジプトのそれと違い神事を執り行う場所です。

Akapana (cross-shaped pyramidal) Tiwanaku

アカパナピラミッドは7段階のテラスで構成されています。 各階ごとにそれぞれの擁壁によって保持されています。

We are going up the Akapana Pyramid, and arrived at the summit.

このピラミッドの頂上には半地下で十字形の神殿があったことから、ティワナクの人達はここを祈りの場所としていたことが分かります。またこの神殿は太陽あるいはほかの星の神々にささげられたと信じられています。

According to a recent study, a complex waterway was running inside the pyramid.

最近の調査によれば、ピラミッド内部に複雑な水路が走っていたことが分かっています。

The pyramid remains are destroyed terribly, and there is no longer the feature of ancient times.

 残念ながら、このピラミッドの遺跡はスペイン人による盗掘による徹底的な破壊のため当時の面影は全く残っていません。

テンプラット(半地下構造の寺院) :この半地下構造の神殿は低くなった長方形の区域でおよそ2mの深さがあります。その壁には200の彫られた人間の顔が埋めこもれています。また中央には彫刻された3本の柱が立っています。

Templete (Semi-subterranean temple), it has a central sunken court.

Three carved stone pillars are in the center. The carved stone heads are studded on the wall.

Kalasasaya (Temple) on the left, Templete (Semi-subterranean temple) on the right, photo taken from Akapana (Pyramid)

上はアカパナ(ピラミッド)からの写真です、右がテンプラット、左がカラササヤ神殿です。

カラササヤ(寺院) :ラササヤは周囲より高くなっていて、約120×130メートルの広い中庭が高い石の壁で囲まれています。

Main gate of Kalasasaya (It was closed.) Side wall of Kalasasaya (We are walking along the wall to the sanctuary.) 正面の門は保存のため通ることができません。

Heavy solid stone wall surrounds the sanctuary. この重厚な石の壁に沿って歩いて行きます。

The sanctuary of Kalasasaya Temple. カラササヤ神殿の聖域、壁に沿って石の部屋が並んでいます。

Puerta del Sol (Front and back of the Gate of the Sun) 有名な太陽の門。

太陽の門は、1500年以上前の古代のティワナク文化によって建てられた巨石の堅固なアーチです。 それは高さ約3.0m、幅4.0mで、一枚岩石から造られてています。 重量は10トンと推定されています。

Monolito (Monolith) Ponce and El Fraile 一枚岩の像ポンセとエル・フライレ

They are still excavating and restoring in the Kalasasaya temple.今も発掘、修復が続いています。

プトゥニ(サルコファギの宮殿): プトゥニは巨大な石の壁に囲まれていて、カラササヤに隣接しています、サルコファガス(Sarcophagus)の宮殿として知られています。(サルコファガスSarcophagusの複数がサルコファギSarcophagi;精巧な彫刻などを施した古代の石棺)

Putuni (Palace of the Sarcophagi),View from the Akapana (Pyramid) アカパナ(ピラミッド)からの写真。

プトゥニは長方形のプラットフォームで周囲より1.20mほど高くなっています。その内壁にはいくつかの埋葬室がならんでいます。

The inside of Putuni, the burial chambers are along the walls. プトゥニの内部、壁に沿っていくつかの埋葬室があります。

最近の発掘調査によると、当時のプトゥニの内部は慎重に造られた見事な敷石で覆われていたと云うことです。

Sarcophagus プトゥニの巨大な石棺

この場所は、古代ティワナク国の重要な人々の埋葬のための霊廟だったと云われています。

Putuni, the Palace of the Sarcophagus. Row of Sarcophagi. Trace of the illegal dig. Large headless monolith. 石棺の宮殿プトゥニ。 Sarcophagi石棺の列。 盗掘の跡。 大きな首のない彫像。

私達はどうやらゆっくり歩いていたので時間がなくなってしまいました。友人が「急いで月の門へ行って、写真を撮ってからラパスへ戻ろう」と言ったので私達は急いで歩きだしました。

Walking to the moon gate 月の門が見えてきました。月の門はカラササヤの西の端にあります。

Monolithic gate, the Puerta de la Luna 一枚岩で出来た月の門

動物のデザインが彫られた月の門は、太陽の門と似ていますがすこし小さいです。

私達は月の門を後にして、この遺跡の出口へ急ぎました。途中、私はユニークな石のモニュメントを見つけ写真を撮りました。この石碑の右端に小さなトカゲがいたからです。

Monument of the unique Tiwanaku deity. This little lizard is an inhabitant of this ruins.

小さなトカゲ、ティワナク.遺跡の住民

この古代ティワナクの神々を彫った石のモニュメントの右の下のあたりに、小さなトカゲがいました。このトカゲはティワナクが栄華をきわめた頃から生き残ったこの遺跡の住民です。人は滅びても彼等は今でもここに生きています。

Walking to the parking lot. Everyone looks fun. ティワナク遺跡のお土産屋さん、廃線になった駅に着飾った住民が集まっていました、リャマ牧場を通り過ぎて駐車場へ急ぎます。

皆楽しそうでした、私もとても楽しかった。ありがとう、さようならティワナクの人達それからあの小さなトカゲ。

ボリビアの小さな村 ティワナク

The articles of Tiwanaku in Japanese are very few on the net. I decided to translate these posts into the Japanese language for Japanese who are going to set on a trip to Bolivia. (ネット上に、 ティワナク村と遺跡の正確な記述が少ないので、前回の2つのポストを日本語で上梓することにしました。ボリビアへ行かれる人達の役に立てればと思います。)

その朝、私達はラ・パス (La Paz) のホテルから、小さな村ティワナクへ向かいました。

Streets of La Paz, Mountains of the Andes and Potato field (much garbage).

(上の写真は、ラ・パスの通り、アンデスの山々、ジャガイモ畑) ティワナクはボリビアのインガヴィ地方、ラ・パスの西65kmに位置し、車で1時間 40分程かかります。

Passing a llama ranch, Tiwanaku village comes into view. Traditional private house, Street to the village center.

(リャマ牧場を過ぎるとティワナク村の中心が見えてきます。伝統的な民家。歩いて村の中へ行きます。) ティワナクは海抜3845メートルのアルティプラーノにあり、古代の建築複合体で現在はボリビアで最古の遺跡があります。《アルティプラーノAltiplanoはアンデス山脈中の高原;ボリビアの3分の2を占め, ペルー南部にまで伸び、チチカカ湖を含む;標高3000-3900m》

Arrived at the main square of Tiwanaku, Plaza 14 de Septiembre (14th September Square).

(ティワナク村の中心、9月14日広場に着きました) 9月14日広場の出入りは四方にある、4ヶ所のアーチの門を通ります。このタイプの広場はかつてのペルー副王領で残っているのはここだけです。貴重な広場と言えるでしょう。

Plaza 14 de Septiembre (14th September Square)

9月14日広場は村人にとって憩いの場です。人々は買い物やおしゃべりを楽しみ、子供達を遊ばせます。またここには不思議なものが数多くあります。

Strange images in the Plaza.

(9月14日広場の不思議な像) 私には良く分かりませんが、ガイドの説明によると、多分インカ時代より前の神々の像のようだ。この頃は文字がなかったの良く分からないのです。

Monument “PACHAKUTI” (the return to balance) in the plaza.

このモニュメントも私には良く分からないのですが、この絵は宇宙を表しているようです。じっと見ていると無限の広がりを感じます。スペイン語で詩のような記述がありました。それを英語に訳すると下記のようになれます。更にそれを日本語に翻訳しました。

“PACHAKUTI (the return to balance): Everything starts from our hearts. That relationship of man with nature and the Cosmos. All being children of the same Sun, must return to a natural order of things and flow like the river that knows no borders” Marcelo Yaksic Vera 

ティワナク 9月14日広場、パチャクテクのモニュメント:(調和への帰還) 全ては私達の心の中から始まります、自然と宇宙と人間の係わりは。おなじ太陽のもとで生きる子供達は自然の摂理に戻るでしょう、そして境を知らない川のように流れます。マルセロ・ヤクシック・ヴェラ

(PACHAKUTI:Pachacuti パチャクテク、世界を造り変える者、クスコ王国の9代サパ・インカ(皇帝)、在位1438年-1471年)

Village office of Tiwanaku on the 14th September Square.

9月14日広場の村役場:村の人口は860人、大部分はアイマラ民族に属しています。

Iglesia San Pedro (Church of St. Peter), on the 14th September Square, Tiwanaku

9月14日広場と奥に見えるのは教区教会

Church of San Pedro de Tiahuanaco

ティワナク9月14日広場の聖ペテロ教会は1580年に建設が始まり1612年に完成しました。建設に使われた石材はティワナク遺跡から運ばれました。後にボリビアの国定史跡として登録されました。

Church of St. Peter and the alter, Tiwanaku

聖ペテロ教会とその主祭壇

この地域の年間平均気温は10℃、降水量は約600mmです。住民の大部分は農業に従事しています。主な作物はジャガイモ、大麦、食用ルピナス、食用カタバミ、キヌア(アワやヒエのような雑穀)と家畜の飼育、リャマ、牛、羊の飼育です。決して豊かではありません。

Edible lupines, oca quinoa (millet) and Oxalis tuberosa. Phots are from Wikipedia.

上の写真は食用ルピナス、キヌア(雑穀類)と食用の塊茎のために栽培されている南米のカタバミ。

私はこの小さな村が大好きです、村人は少しシャイですが親切です。この小さな貧しい村の人達に心の豊かさを感じました。私は高齢ですから再びこの地を訪れることはありませんが、いつまでもこの穏やかな暮らしが続くようにと思いながらティワナク遺跡へ歩いて行きました。

Tiwanaku Ruins Bolivia

From Plaza 14 de Septiembre, walking to Tiwanaku Ruins. The Gate “Welcome to Tiwanaku Ruins.” Closed railway station. The entrance of the Tiwanaku archaeological site.

Tiwanaku is a Pre-Columbian archaeological site in western Bolivia. The area around Tiwanaku may have been inhabited as early as 1500 BC as a small agricultural village.

Arrived at Tiwanaku Ruins

Gate of Tiwanaku archaeological site

During the time period between 300 BC and AD 300, Tiwanaku is thought to have been a moral and cosmological center for the Tiwanaku Empire, and one to which many people made pilgrimages. Tiwanaku, capital of a powerful pre-Hispanic empire, dominated a large area of the southern Andes and create prosperity between 500 and 900 AD.

Tiwanaku Archaeological Area

1 Kantatallita (Temple) 2 Akapana (Pyramid) 3 Templete (Semi-subterranean temple) 4 Kalasasaya (Temple) 5 Putuni (Palace of the Sarcophagi) 6 Kerikala (Quarter for Priests) 7 Puerta de Laluna (Gate of Moon) and Piramide de Puma Punku (Pyramid of Puma Punku)

The name by which Tiwanaku was known to its inhabitants may have been lost as they had no written language. The ancient inhabitants of Tiwanaku are believed to have spoken the Puquina language.

Kantatallita (Temple);  Kantatallita had a semi-underground structure, the central part was low.

Kantatallita Temple Tiwanaku

Explanation board says, Kantatallita; Surface vestiges of a semi-underground temple, stands a curved lintel with iconography of the classic time of Tiwanaku and a model in andesite.

Remains of Kantatallita Temple Tiwanaku; This is a trace that was completely destroyed and looted by the Spaniard.

According to the Spanish conquistador record, originally the stone gate of stood and there was a splendid lintel. Currently the stone gate collapses and the lintel falls down on the ground. 

Large blocks of gray andesite, showing works with curved contours.

Akapana (Pyramid); Akapana is a pyramidal structure located at the archaeological site of Tiwanaku in Bolivia. It is 194 meters long and 182 wide, with a perimeter of 800 m and a height of 18 meters.

Akapana (cross-shaped pyramidal) Tiwanaku

It consists of 7 stepped terraces supported by different retaining walls for each level. These terraces are separated by walls of carved sandstone that were filled with sediment and then compacted. 

We are going up the Akapana Pyramid, and arrived at the summit.

It is believed that the Thiuanak people used it as a place of worship, because at its top there was a semi-underground temple in the shape of a cross. It is believed to have been a temple dedicated to the sun or other astral deities.

According to a recent study, a complex waterway was running inside the pyramid.

The pyramid remains are destroyed terribly, and there is no longer the feature of ancient times.

Templete ; The Templete Semi Subterraneo (Semi Subterranean Temple) is a sunken rectangle area some two meters deep. The walls of the temple are studded with 200 stone carved heads.

Templete (Semi-subterranean temple), it has a central sunken court.

Three carved stone pillars are in the center. The carved stone heads are studded on the wall.

Kalasasaya (Temple) on the left, Templete (Semi-subterranean temple) on the right, photo taken from Akapana (Pyramid)

Kalasasaya (Temple) ; The Kalasasaya is a low platform mound with a large courtyard, which is surrounded by high stone walls.

Main gate of Kalasasaya (It was closed.) Side wall of Kalasasaya (We are walking along the wall to the sanctuary.)

The Kalasasaya is about 120 by 130 meters in dimension and aligned to the cardinal directions. 

Heavy solid stone wall surrounds the sanctuary.

The sanctuary of Kalasasaya Temple

Puerta del Sol (Gate of the Sun, the front and back of the gate.)

The Gate of the Sun is a megalithic solid stone arch, gateway constructed by the ancient Tiwanaku culture more than 1500 years ago. The object is approximately 3.0 m tall and 4.0 m wide, and is constructed from a single piece of stone. The weight is estimated to be 10 tons.

Monolito (Monolith) Ponce and El Fraile

 Megalithic statue called Monolito Ponce, the whole body has beautiful sculptural decorations. Gigantic stone statue called El Fraile, it is regarded as a symbol of water faith because the whole carved patterns are fish and crab.

They are still excavating and restoring in the Kalasasaya temple.

Putuni (Palace of the Sarcophagi) ; The Putuni is adjoined by the Kalasasaya, also known as the Palace of the Sarcophagus. It is surrounded by massive stone walls. 

Putuni (Palace of the Sarcophagi),View from the Akapana (Pyramid)

Putuni is a rectangular platform with a 1.20 m height, its inner walls contain burial chambers.

The inside of Putuni, the burial chambers are along the walls.

The excavations have revealed that the floors were covered with carefully dressed stone flags.

Sarcophagus

It is possible that this site has been a mausoleum for the burial of important people of Tiwanaku State.

Putuni, the Palace of the Sarcophagus. Row of Sarcophagi. Trace of the illegal dig. Large headless monolith.

We were walking slowly, so time has run out. Let’s go and take pictures of the moon gate hurriedly and go back to La Paz.

Walking to the moon gate

Puerta de la Luna (Gateway of the Moon) is near the western end of Kalasasaya.

Monolithic gate, the Puerta de la Luna (Gateway of the Moon)

The moon gate, carved with animal designs, is a similar but smaller than the Puerta del Sol.

After the Puerta de la Luna (Gateway of the Moon), we are leaving the archaeological site in a hurry.

Monument of the unique Tiwanaku deities. This little lizard is an inhabitant of this ruins.

Since I am old, I will never visit this place again. Sayonara, Tiwanaku deities and a little lizard. It was a lot of fun, Gracias.

Walking to the parking lot. Everyone looks fun.

 

Really little village, Tiwanaku Bolivia

From the city of La Paz, we are going to a small village called Tiwanaku. 

Streets of La Paz, Mountains of the Andes and Potato field.

Tiwanaku is located in the Ingavi Province, 65 km from the city of La Paz, it will take an hour 40 minutes.

Passing a llama ranch, Tiwanaku village comes into view. Traditional private house, Street to the village center.

Tiwanaku is an ancient architectural complex and current archaeological site of Bolivia, located in the Bolivian altiplano (plateau in the Andes Mountains; occupies two-thirds of Bolivia), at 3845 meters above sea level.

Arrived at the main square of Tiwanaku, Plaza 14 de Septiembre (14th September Square).

The Plaza 14 de Septiembre Tiwanaku, which is entered by four arches in the corners, is the only closed plaza that still subsists in the territory of the former Viceroyalty of Peru.

Plaza 14 de Septiembre (14th September Square)

Plaza 14 de Septiembre is a place for locals to relax. They enjoy shopping and chattering, and let children play. There are many magical things here.

Strange images in the Plaza.

Monument “PACHAKUTI” (the return to balance) in the plaza.

“PACHAKUTI (the return to balance): Everything starts from our hearts. That relationship of man with nature and the Cosmos. All being children of the same Sun, must return to a natural order of things and flow like the river that knows no borders” Marcelo Yaksic Vera

Village office of Tiwanaku on the 14th September Square.

The village has a population of 860 inhabitants, mostly belonging to the Aymará ethnic group.

Iglesia San Pedro (Church of St. Peter), on the 14th September Square, Tiwanaku

Church of San Pedro de Tiahuanaco

Church of St. Peter is located on the Plaza 14 de Septiembre in the centre of the town of Tiwanaku. The construction began in the year 1.580 and concluded at 1612, built with ashlars (hewn stones) taken from the nearby archaeological site. and later declared a national monument of Bolivia.

Church of St. Peter and the alter, Tiwanaku

The average temperature in the area is 10 ° C, the annual precipitation is about 600 mm. The residents are engaged in agriculture cultivating potatoes, barley, edible lupines, oca (oxalis tuberosa) and quinoa (millet), and livestock breeding, llama, cattle and sheep.

Edible lupines, oca (oxalis tuberosa) and quinoa (millet). Phots are from Wikipedia.

I really love this little quiet village. Locals are gentle, shy but kind. I felt the richness of the heart in this poor village.

Valle de la Luna La Paz

Passing the town of La Paz and heading towards the Moon Valley.

Getting closer to the Moon Valley.

Valle de la Luna (Moon Valley) is situated about 10 kilometers from the town of La Paz, in the village of Mallasa, Pedro Domingo Murillo Province, La Paz.

Running into the mountain road and then going through the tunnel…

Arrived at the gate of the Moon Valley Park.

When I arrived at the gate, a Bolivian beauty greeted me.

From here, going to the park through the underground passage.

Passed underground passage, Valle de la Luna, Moon Valley.

Route Map of Moon Valley

Moon Valley consists of an area where erosion has worn away the majority of a mountain, composed primarily of clay rather than rock, leaving tall spires.

Strangely shaped rock called Lady’s Hat.

Its name was given by Neil Armstrong, the first man to walk on the moon, who was visiting the Bolivian government headquarters Year 1969.

Neil Armstrong said “It looks like a lunar surface.”

Walking up to the observation platform.

Flora of Moon Valley

I haven’t seen these strange world ever.

Because the mineral content of the mountains varies greatly between individual mountains, the sides of the mountains are different colors, creating striking optical illusions.

Scenery of this world from the top of Moon Valley.

A majority of them are a clear beige or light brown color, but some are almost red, with sections of dark violet.

Got off the sky, we go into the souvenir shop.

Moon Valley is an important site of the famous holiday, Dias de los Muertos (Day of the Dead; It is the most important holiday in Latin American countries.).

Mural painting of pottery

The Angeles of Mallasa. By the local ceramic artist, Ricardo Thompson and Lidia Mamani.

One shot with Maira for our memories.

Principal Río Abajo Street, in front of the Moon Valley Park. Adiós Maira!

Strolling about the Old Town of La Paz

We are walking through the Commerce Street to the Saint Francis Square. 

Walking into the Comercio Street La Paz.

Before coming to Bolivia, I had heard that the country is needy. Do you think so?

Shopping District Comercio Street La Paz.

Got to the Pichincha Street we are crossing the pedestrian overpass.

Ismael Montes Boulevard La Paz, view from the footbridge.

Ismael Montes (1861 – 1933) was a Bolivian general and Politician. He served as the President of Bolivia between 1904 -1909 and once again between 1913 – 1917.

Gone down from the pedestrian overpass, a big market appeared on the street of Ingreso Calle Potosí.

Mercado Lanza (Market)

Mercado Lanza is a very large 3-story structure in the center of the historic district of La Paz, steps away from San Francisco church.

The market of Lanza has stall selling everything imaginable.

There are many outdoor small stalls in front of Mercado Lanza. You can have breakfast and lunch freshly made on the spot.

Plaza San Francisco, next to Mercado Lanza.

The Plaza San Francisco is a major urban plaza in the city of La Paz, and a frequent location for political gatherings and protests. It is located in front of the San Francisco Cathedral (from which it takes its name) and the Lanza Market.

San Francisco Church La Paz

The Iglesia de San Francisco is a Roman Catholic Church in the city of La Paz. The construction of the church was begun in 1549 during the Spanish colonial period and ended in the 18th century.

Façade of the San Francisco La Paz

Interior of the San Francisco La Paz

The baroque design combines Spanish style with indigenous elements. Church patron is St. Francis of Assisi.

Corridor and Courtyard of the San Francisco, the church is a part of the San Francisco Convent.

After the Iglesia de San Francisco we are walking into the street of Sagarnaga for some shopping.

Narrow street of Sagarnaga La Paz. Calle Sagarnaga has always been a prime spot for travelers.

This bustling street is located just south of Plaza San Francisco. In the 18th Century, the buildings lining Calle Sagarnaga were used by people traveling on foot between Potosi and the Peruvian coast to rest their weary legs.

Groceries on the street Sagarnaga, local women are shopping at stalls.

An old woman is spinning thread at the roadside.

Clothing shops on the Sagarnaga Street La Paz

Sagarnaga Street La Paz. Calle Sagarnaga is also home to one of La Paz’s most interesting and culturally fascinating attraction.

From the Sagarnaga Street we are walking into a side road called Calle Linares.

Linares Street La Paz

The Linares Street is one of the ancient roads of the city of La Paz, located in the district of San Sebastian, also known as the name of Calle de las Brujas (Street of the Witches).

Street of the Witches La Paz

Witches Market on the Linares Street

Witches Market sells strange things.

Things like traditional toys, Tools used by witches, Mummies of llama’s fetus, Love potions.

A witch is going home.

It is time to leave. So long! That was very funny.

Plaza Murillo La Paz Bolivia

The Plaza Murillo is the central plaza of the city of La Paz and the seat of government of Bolivia.

Plaza Murillo La Paz Bolivia

The Plaza was originally named the Plaza Mayor (Greatest or Main Plaza) after its construction. After the independence, the square was renamed Plaza Murillo after the honor of Pedro Murillo, who was captured and hung by Spanish troops in January 1810.

Statue of Pedro Domingo Murillo.

Pedro Domingo Murillo (1757– 1810) was a patriot of Upper Peru who played a key role in Bolivia’s independence.

Plaza Murillo La Paz Bolivia

This square is an oasis for the citizens.

Prominent buildings on the plaza include the Presidential Palace, National Congress of Bolivia, and the Cathedral of La Paz.

Palacio de Gobierno (Presidential Palace) Bolivia

In front of the President Palace.

The changing of the President’s Guard at the Palace.

Congreso Nacional de Bolivia (National Congress of Bolivia)

The original clock on the Bolivian Congress Building has been replaced with a reversed clock dubbed the “Clock of the South”.

Backward Clock of National Congress of Bolivia

The Clock of the South is a mirror image of a traditional clock: its numbers are flipped and its hands move in a counter-clockwise direction (though it is clockwise relative to the Clock of the South).

Cathedral Basilica of Our Lady of Peace, La Paz

The Cathedral Basilica of Our Lady of Peace, also called La Paz Cathedral, was built in 1835 with a neoclassical architecture with Baroque elements.

Main Alter of the Cathedral, La Paz

The interior of the Cathedral of Our Lady of Peace, La Paz

Plaza Murillo La Paz

The locals of La Paz and the tourists are having fun in this park.

Left the Plaza Murillo, we are getting into a narrow street called Calle Comercio, going to Plaza San Francisco (Saint Francis Square) for shopping of the souvenir.