Aguas Calientes Peru

Ollantaytambo Train Station

We take a train at Ollantaytambo station and head towards the small town of Aguas Calientes. The train runs west along the Urubamba River.

We took a train to a small village called Aguas Calientes.

Let’s get inside the train.

View from the train window:What kind of life do the inhabitants of this place have?

Arrived at Machu Picchu Station

Aguas Calientes (Spanish, hot waters or hot springs) also known Machupicchu (Quechua, old peak of prominent mountain) is located in the Urubamba Province, Cusco Region. It is the seat of the Machupicchu District. the town lies at the Urubamba River. It has a population of 1,600 inhabitants.

There is a folk craft market in front of Machu Picchu station, let’s enter it.

There are many souvenir shops there. Our guide said, if you do shopping, you should beat down the price.

Left the folk craft market, the statue of Inka is near a bus stop.

According to the legend, the last Emperor Túpac Amaru of the Inca was executed and he became a condor and flew away.

From the market we are walking to the center of the village, old town. A stream runs through the town.

Aguas Calientes is a really small village.

What are these? Trash cans.

We arrived in the main square called Plaza Manco Capac.

The statue of Pachacuti is in the center of the square. Pachacuti was 9th Sapa Inca (Emperor) of Cusco Kingdom.

Plaza Manco Capac, a small square in a small village.

Iglesia Machu Picchu, Aguas Calientes.

Left the parish church, we were walking to the booked hotel, Casa del Sol Machupicchu – Boutique Hotel. It is located in near the folk craft market.

Casa del Sol Machupicchu – Boutique Hotel; The Peru Rail train is running in front of the hotel.

Took a rest at the hotel and after supper I went out for a night walk alone.

Narrow back streets that I walked in the daytime. This town is really small.

Plaza Manco Capac at night, Aguas Calientes.

Night view of Machu Picchu village.

I am returning to the hotel, it is time to go to bed. I will  go to the Machu Picchu Ruins next morning. Buenas noches.

(A huge amount of photographs and descriptions of Machu Picchu Ruins are on the net. That is why I will skip the blog of Machu Picchu Ruins.)

Going to Ollantaytambo Peru

Hired a collectivo, we are going to a little town called Ollantaytambo from Cusco. It will take two hours (72 km).

Colectivo, collective bus, is a vehicle for collective transport.

Leaving Cusco for Ollantaytambo by the colectivo.

Map from Cusco to Machu Picchu.

We are passing the town of Poroy.

Poroy District is one of eight districts of the province Cusco. Poroy is located 13 km west of Cusco and at 3,570 m above sea level. It has a population of 4,452 inhabitance. The main industries of Poroy are agriculture and livestock, there is not any other industry. The travelers just pass by.

When approaching the town of Chinchero, we found a lake on the right. We went there and took pictures.

The lake called lago puray.

Soon, we arrived at the town of Chinchero, where is located at 3,762 m above sea level.

Town Hall of Chinchero

Chinchero is a small town about 30 kilometers northwest of Cusco towards Urubamba in the Peruvian Andes. It has a population of 9 763 inhsbitants.

Walking to the town centre, and arrived at the main square “Plaza de Chinchero.”

The people that live in the district are mainly indigenous citizens of Quechua descent.

Parish Church Virgin of the Nativity

From the parish church, we are walking up the slope to see the Chinchero Ruins in hurry.

Archeological site of Chinchero

Leaving the Ruins of Chinchero

After the ruins of Chinchero we are leaving for the next destination Urubamba hurriedly.

We are running up to a town of Urubamba through the country road. The surrounding landscape is peaceful and beautiful.

Valle Sagrado de los Incas (Sacred Valley of the Incas) We will arrive at Urubamba soon.

Across Rio Urubamba to Urubamba Town

Main Street Av. Ferrocarril Urubamba

Urubamba is a small town in Peru, located near the Urubamba River under the snow-capped mountain Chicón. It has a population of 2,700 inhabitants.

Mount Chicón is in the Urubamba mountain range in the Andes of Peru, about 5,530 m high.

We arrived at the town centre called Plaza de Armas.

Church of St. Peter the Apostle Urubamba on the main square, Plaza de Armas.

Urubamba is the largest town in the Sacred Valley of the Incas. It is also located near a number of significant ruins of the Inca Empire, including Machu Picchu.

From the Plaza de Armas we were walking to Mercado de Urubamba (Urubamba Market), it took 3 minutes.

We arrived at the market. “Come now, let’s go inside.”

There are all items in the market, colorful fruits, meat and fish, vegetables and potatoes, clothing, simple meals, etc.

My friends are happily enjoying shopping, but we cannot stay here so longer. We have to start already.

We continue our journey along the Urubamba River to the town of Ollantaytambo.

Distance from Urubamba to Ollantaytambo is 20 km, it takes about 30 minutes.

We arrived at the Inca Rail Ticket Office of Ollantaytambo.

We got tickets for the train to Aguas Calientes. As we have time for departure, we decided to roam around the town of Ollantaytambo.

Roaming about the town of Ollantaytambo.

Ollantaytambo is a town and an Inca archaeological site in southern Peru. It is located at an altitude of 2,792 metres above sea level on the river Urubamba, in the district of Ollantaytambo, province of Urubamba, Cusco region.

Main Square, Plaza Ollantaytambo

Ollantaytambo was the royal estate of Emperor Pachacuti who conquered the region, built the town and a ceremonial center.

Temple Hill : From here we are walking into the ruins of Ollantaytambo.

Terraced fields of the ruins. I have to climb here.

Steep stone stairs; I should have come when I was young.

Temple of the Sun, Ollantaytambo Ruins

Wall of the Six Monoliths

“The bath of the princess”, a fountain at the base of the ruins

According to a legend, their god Viracocha have instructed the Inca to build the town of Ollantaytambo.

Viracocha

Town of Ollantaytambo, view from the temple hill.

Viracocha, Great creator god in Inca mythology.   

Viracocha, also known Con-Tici or Kon-Tiki, is the great creator deity in the pre-Inca and Inca mythology in the Andes region. Viracocha was one of the most important deities in the Inca pantheon and created the universe, sun, moon, and stars, time (by commanding the sun to move over the sky) and civilization itself.

 It is a beautiful scenery, but we cannot stay here for long. We have to go to the rail station of Ollantaytambo soon.

Getting of the ruins of Temple Hill.

We went down the Temple Hill and walked to the train station of Ollantaytambo through the narrow street. The town looked very peaceful.

Ruins of Tambomachay and Puka Pucara Cusco

Going to the ruins of Tambomachay from Saksaywaman Cusco

Tambo-machay (Inca baths) is located at 8km from the city of Cusco , at 3700 meters above the sea level, is also known as the Cavern Tambo (storage).

Arrived at ruins of Tambomachay and going into the site.

The name comes from the Quechua words Tampu, which means place or storage, and Machay, which means rest, is a splendid place.

Walking to the ruins of Tambomachay.

It consists of a series of aqueducts, canals and waterfalls that run through the terraced rocks, but the function of the site is uncertain.

Bathing ground of the emperor of the Incaic civilization

A ceremony for the water took place there, and thank for his precious gifts like make the flowers grow, and giving life to all creatures in the universe.

The water of the sacred spring flows steadily from the Inca era. Wonderful huge stone modeling.

Left the ruins of Tambomachay we are walking to Puka Pucara, it is also an archaeological site of the Inca era.

Walking through this narrow mountain path to the ruins of Puka Pucara.

The gate of Puka Pucara.

Large fortress, Puka Pucara is located next to Tambomachay. Its name means red fortress and is taken from the red granite that was used in its construction.

Ruins of Puka Pucara Cusco

This fortress is made of large walls, terraces, and staircases and was part of defense of Cusco in particular and the Inca Empire in general.

Very elaborate rock work of Puca Pucara

After walking around the ruins, we were going to return to the hotel in Cuzco.

Souvenir shop at the ruins of Puka Pucara Cusco

We are passing through in front of a souvenir shop at the gate of Puka Pucara and walking to the collective bus stop.

Andean was very beautiful.

On the way back to the hotel, I found a strange thing on a roof of a private house.

An Amulet on a Roof. Looks two lovely cows are lined up on the top of roof. It is called Pucará Bulls.

From the place where the city of Cusco can be overlooked, I walked down to the city centre along the narrow path.

Walking back to the city centre of Cusco.

 I am a little tired, so I will take a rest in the hotel for a while. See you!

Saksaywaman Ruins Cusco

From the Plaza De Armas we are walking to a ruins called Saksaywaman.

Going up a narrow slope. Church of San Cristobal. Roadside stone monument. Approaching Saksaywaman.

Arrived at the ruins of Saksaywaman Cusco.

Saksaywaman (Saksaq Waman, waman means falcon or variable hawk.) is an Inca “ceremonial fortress” located two kilometers north of the city of Cusco, the historic capital of the Inca Empire. 

A section of the wall of Saksaywaman

The fortress were first built by the Killke culture about 1100; they had occupied the area since 900.

Remains of the fort the temple of the Sun and huge stone walls.

The complex was expanded and added to by the Inca from the 13th century; they built dry stone walls (without any mortar) constructed of huge stones. The workers carefully cut the boulders to fit them together tightly without mortar. 

Through this gate, walking up to the hill top.

Arrived at the hill top and took some phots. The site is at an altitude of 3,701 m.

In this ruins, Inti Raimi (festival of the sun) which is regarded as one of the three major festivals of South America will be held on June 24 every year.

Inti Raymi festival (Photos are from the brochures got at the tourist association.)

The Inti Raymi is a religious ceremony of the Inca Empire in honor of the god Inti (Sun), one of the most venerated deities in Inca religion.

Female vendors outside of the ruins. Lovely llamas with woman, boy and girl.

Going out of the ruins, a lot of souvenir sellers came. My friends were buying something for their grandchildren. They are shopaholics.

ティワナク遺跡 ボリビア

9月14日広場から歩いて行くと、廃線になった鉄道駅があります。地元の人達は広場として利用しています。そのそばにティワナク遺跡があります。

From Plaza 14 de Septiembre, walking to Tiwanaku Ruins. The Gate “Welcome to Tiwanaku Ruins.” Closed railway station. The entrance of the Tiwanaku archaeological site.

ティワナクはボリビア西部のプリコロンビア(コロンブスのアメリカ到達以前)の遺跡の地域です。この辺りには紀元前1500年頃から、小さな農村として人々が住み始めました。

Arrived at Tiwanaku Ruins ティワナク遺跡に着きました。

Gate of Tiwanaku archaeological site ティワナク遺跡に着き、その中にはいります

ティワナクは紀元前300年代から西暦300年代の間、ティワナク帝国の精神と宇宙の中心であり、多くの人々が聖地として巡礼をしたと考えられています。  強力なヒスパニック系帝国の首都ティワナクは、南部のアンデス地帯の大部分を支配し、500〜900年の繁栄を築きました。

Tiwanaku Archaeological Area

1 Kantatallita (Temple) 2 Akapana (Pyramid) 3 Templete (Semi-subterranean temple) 4 Kalasasaya (Temple) 5 Putuni (Palace of the Sarcophagi) 6 Kerikala (Quarter for Priests) 7 Puerta de Laluna (Gate of Moon) and Piramide de Puma Punku (Pyramid of Puma Punku)

1カンタタリータ(寺院) 2アカパナ(ピラミッド) 3テンプレット(半地下構造の寺院) 4カラササヤ(寺院) 5プトゥニ(石棺のある墓所). 6ケリ・カラ(神官の居住区域) 7プエルタ・デ・ルナ(月の門)と プマ・プンク(ピラミッド)

当時この地域には文字がなかったので、古代のこの地域の正確な地名は分かりません。昔のこの地の人達はプクイナ語を話していたようです。

カンタタリータ 寺院 : カンタタリータ は半地下構造で中央部が低くなっていました。

Kantatallita Temple Tiwanaku カンタタリータ神殿の跡

この案内板によれば、この半地下寺院の特徴は巨大な安山岩の楣石(まぐさ石、入り口などの上の横木、梁石)です。現在、この門は崩壊、その見事なまぐさ石は地上に転がっている。

Remains of Kantatallita Temple Tiwanaku

Large blocks of gray andesite, showing works with curved contours.

 2アカパナ(ピラミッド) :アカパナはピラミッド構造で、長さ19幅182メートル、周囲800メートル、高さ18メートルです。ピラミッドと言ってもエジプトのそれと違い神事を執り行う場所です。

Akapana (cross-shaped pyramidal) Tiwanaku

アカパナピラミッドは7段階のテラスで構成されています。 各階ごとにそれぞれの擁壁によって保持されています。

We are going up the Akapana Pyramid, and arrived at the summit.

このピラミッドの頂上には半地下で十字形の神殿があったことから、ティワナクの人達はここを祈りの場所としていたことが分かります。またこの神殿は太陽あるいはほかの星の神々にささげられたと信じられています。

According to a recent study, a complex waterway was running inside the pyramid.

最近の調査によれば、ピラミッド内部に複雑な水路が走っていたことが分かっています。

The pyramid remains are destroyed terribly, and there is no longer the feature of ancient times.

 残念ながら、このピラミッドの遺跡はスペイン人による盗掘による徹底的な破壊のため当時の面影は全く残っていません。

テンプラット(半地下構造の寺院) :この半地下構造の神殿は低くなった長方形の区域でおよそ2mの深さがあります。その壁には200の彫られた人間の顔が埋めこもれています。また中央には彫刻された3本の柱が立っています。

Templete (Semi-subterranean temple), it has a central sunken court.

Three carved stone pillars are in the center. The carved stone heads are studded on the wall.

Kalasasaya (Temple) on the left, Templete (Semi-subterranean temple) on the right, photo taken from Akapana (Pyramid)

上はアカパナ(ピラミッド)からの写真です、右がテンプラット、左がカラササヤ神殿です。

カラササヤ(寺院) :ラササヤは周囲より高くなっていて、約120×130メートルの広い中庭が高い石の壁で囲まれています。

Main gate of Kalasasaya (It was closed.) Side wall of Kalasasaya (We are walking along the wall to the sanctuary.) 正面の門は保存のため通ることができません。

Heavy solid stone wall surrounds the sanctuary. この重厚な石の壁に沿って歩いて行きます。

The sanctuary of Kalasasaya Temple. カラササヤ神殿の聖域、壁に沿って石の部屋が並んでいます。

Puerta del Sol (Front and back of the Gate of the Sun) 有名な太陽の門。

太陽の門は、1500年以上前の古代のティワナク文化によって建てられた巨石の堅固なアーチです。 それは高さ約3.0m、幅4.0mで、一枚岩石から造られてています。 重量は10トンと推定されています。

Monolito (Monolith) Ponce and El Fraile 一枚岩の像ポンセとエル・フライレ

They are still excavating and restoring in the Kalasasaya temple.今も発掘、修復が続いています。

プトゥニ(サルコファギの宮殿): プトゥニは巨大な石の壁に囲まれていて、カラササヤに隣接しています、サルコファガス(Sarcophagus)の宮殿として知られています。(サルコファガスSarcophagusの複数がサルコファギSarcophagi;精巧な彫刻などを施した古代の石棺)

Putuni (Palace of the Sarcophagi),View from the Akapana (Pyramid) アカパナ(ピラミッド)からの写真。

プトゥニは長方形のプラットフォームで周囲より1.20mほど高くなっています。その内壁にはいくつかの埋葬室がならんでいます。

The inside of Putuni, the burial chambers are along the walls. プトゥニの内部、壁に沿っていくつかの埋葬室があります。

最近の発掘調査によると、当時のプトゥニの内部は慎重に造られた見事な敷石で覆われていたと云うことです。

Sarcophagus プトゥニの巨大な石棺

この場所は、古代ティワナク国の重要な人々の埋葬のための霊廟だったと云われています。

Putuni, the Palace of the Sarcophagus. Row of Sarcophagi. Trace of the illegal dig. Large headless monolith. 石棺の宮殿プトゥニ。 Sarcophagi石棺の列。 盗掘の跡。 大きな首のない彫像。

私達はどうやらゆっくり歩いていたので時間がなくなってしまいました。友人が「急いで月の門へ行って、写真を撮ってからラパスへ戻ろう」と言ったので私達は急いで歩きだしました。

Walking to the moon gate 月の門が見えてきました。月の門はカラササヤの西の端にあります。

Monolithic gate, the Puerta de la Luna 一枚岩で出来た月の門

動物のデザインが彫られた月の門は、太陽の門と似ていますがすこし小さいです。

私達は月の門を後にして、この遺跡の出口へ急ぎました。途中、私はユニークな石のモニュメントを見つけ写真を撮りました。この石碑の右端に小さなトカゲがいたからです。

Monument of the unique Tiwanaku deity. This little lizard is an inhabitant of this ruins.

小さなトカゲ、ティワナク.遺跡の住民

この古代ティワナクの神々を彫った石のモニュメントの右の下のあたりに、小さなトカゲがいました。このトカゲはティワナクが栄華をきわめた頃から生き残ったこの遺跡の住民です。人は滅びても彼等は今でもここに生きています。

Walking to the parking lot. Everyone looks fun. ティワナク遺跡のお土産屋さん、廃線になった駅に着飾った住民が集まっていました、リャマ牧場を通り過ぎて駐車場へ急ぎます。

皆楽しそうでした、私もとても楽しかった。ありがとう、さようならティワナクの人達それからあの小さなトカゲ。

ボリビアの小さな村 ティワナク

The articles of Tiwanaku in Japanese are very few on the net. I decided to translate these posts into the Japanese language for Japanese who are going to set on a trip to Bolivia. (ネット上に、 ティワナク村と遺跡の正確な記述が少ないので、前回の2つのポストを日本語で上梓することにしました。ボリビアへ行かれる人達の役に立てればと思います。)

その朝、私達はラ・パス (La Paz) のホテルから、小さな村ティワナクへ向かいました。

Streets of La Paz, Mountains of the Andes and Potato field (much garbage).

(上の写真は、ラ・パスの通り、アンデスの山々、ジャガイモ畑) ティワナクはボリビアのインガヴィ地方、ラ・パスの西65kmに位置し、車で1時間 40分程かかります。

Passing a llama ranch, Tiwanaku village comes into view. Traditional private house, Street to the village center.

(リャマ牧場を過ぎるとティワナク村の中心が見えてきます。伝統的な民家。歩いて村の中へ行きます。) ティワナクは海抜3845メートルのアルティプラーノにあり、古代の建築複合体で現在はボリビアで最古の遺跡があります。《アルティプラーノAltiplanoはアンデス山脈中の高原;ボリビアの3分の2を占め, ペルー南部にまで伸び、チチカカ湖を含む;標高3000-3900m》

Arrived at the main square of Tiwanaku, Plaza 14 de Septiembre (14th September Square).

(ティワナク村の中心、9月14日広場に着きました) 9月14日広場の出入りは四方にある、4ヶ所のアーチの門を通ります。このタイプの広場はかつてのペルー副王領で残っているのはここだけです。貴重な広場と言えるでしょう。

Plaza 14 de Septiembre (14th September Square)

9月14日広場は村人にとって憩いの場です。人々は買い物やおしゃべりを楽しみ、子供達を遊ばせます。またここには不思議なものが数多くあります。

Strange images in the Plaza.

(9月14日広場の不思議な像) 私には良く分かりませんが、ガイドの説明によると、多分インカ時代より前の神々の像のようだ。この頃は文字がなかったの良く分からないのです。

Monument “PACHAKUTI” (the return to balance) in the plaza.

このモニュメントも私には良く分からないのですが、この絵は宇宙を表しているようです。じっと見ていると無限の広がりを感じます。スペイン語で詩のような記述がありました。それを英語に訳すると下記のようになれます。更にそれを日本語に翻訳しました。

“PACHAKUTI (the return to balance): Everything starts from our hearts. That relationship of man with nature and the Cosmos. All being children of the same Sun, must return to a natural order of things and flow like the river that knows no borders” Marcelo Yaksic Vera 

ティワナク 9月14日広場、パチャクテクのモニュメント:(調和への帰還) 全ては私達の心の中から始まります、自然と宇宙と人間の係わりは。おなじ太陽のもとで生きる子供達は自然の摂理に戻るでしょう、そして境を知らない川のように流れます。マルセロ・ヤクシック・ヴェラ

(PACHAKUTI:Pachacuti パチャクテク、世界を造り変える者、クスコ王国の9代サパ・インカ(皇帝)、在位1438年-1471年)

Village office of Tiwanaku on the 14th September Square.

9月14日広場の村役場:村の人口は860人、大部分はアイマラ民族に属しています。

Iglesia San Pedro (Church of St. Peter), on the 14th September Square, Tiwanaku

9月14日広場と奥に見えるのは教区教会

Church of San Pedro de Tiahuanaco

ティワナク9月14日広場の聖ペテロ教会は1580年に建設が始まり1612年に完成しました。建設に使われた石材はティワナク遺跡から運ばれました。後にボリビアの国定史跡として登録されました。

Church of St. Peter and the alter, Tiwanaku

聖ペテロ教会とその主祭壇

この地域の年間平均気温は10℃、降水量は約600mmです。住民の大部分は農業に従事しています。主な作物はジャガイモ、大麦、食用ルピナス、食用カタバミ、キヌア(アワやヒエのような雑穀)と家畜の飼育、リャマ、牛、羊の飼育です。決して豊かではありません。

Edible lupines, oca quinoa (millet) and Oxalis tuberosa. Phots are from Wikipedia.

上の写真は食用ルピナス、キヌア(雑穀類)と食用の塊茎のために栽培されている南米のカタバミ。

私はこの小さな村が大好きです、村人は少しシャイですが親切です。この小さな貧しい村の人達に心の豊かさを感じました。私は高齢ですから再びこの地を訪れることはありませんが、いつまでもこの穏やかな暮らしが続くようにと思いながらティワナク遺跡へ歩いて行きました。

Tiwanaku Ruins Bolivia

From Plaza 14 de Septiembre, walking to Tiwanaku Ruins. The Gate “Welcome to Tiwanaku Ruins.” Closed railway station. The entrance of the Tiwanaku archaeological site.

Tiwanaku is a Pre-Columbian archaeological site in western Bolivia. The area around Tiwanaku may have been inhabited as early as 1500 BC as a small agricultural village.

Arrived at Tiwanaku Ruins

Gate of Tiwanaku archaeological site

During the time period between 300 BC and AD 300, Tiwanaku is thought to have been a moral and cosmological center for the Tiwanaku Empire, and one to which many people made pilgrimages. Tiwanaku, capital of a powerful pre-Hispanic empire, dominated a large area of the southern Andes and create prosperity between 500 and 900 AD.

Tiwanaku Archaeological Area

1 Kantatallita (Temple) 2 Akapana (Pyramid) 3 Templete (Semi-subterranean temple) 4 Kalasasaya (Temple) 5 Putuni (Palace of the Sarcophagi) 6 Kerikala (Quarter for Priests) 7 Puerta de Laluna (Gate of Moon) and Piramide de Puma Punku (Pyramid of Puma Punku)

The name by which Tiwanaku was known to its inhabitants may have been lost as they had no written language. The ancient inhabitants of Tiwanaku are believed to have spoken the Puquina language.

Kantatallita (Temple);  Kantatallita had a semi-underground structure, the central part was low.

Kantatallita Temple Tiwanaku

Explanation board says, Kantatallita; Surface vestiges of a semi-underground temple, stands a curved lintel with iconography of the classic time of Tiwanaku and a model in andesite.

Remains of Kantatallita Temple Tiwanaku; This is a trace that was completely destroyed and looted by the Spaniard.

According to the Spanish conquistador record, originally the stone gate of stood and there was a splendid lintel. Currently the stone gate collapses and the lintel falls down on the ground. 

Large blocks of gray andesite, showing works with curved contours.

Akapana (Pyramid); Akapana is a pyramidal structure located at the archaeological site of Tiwanaku in Bolivia. It is 194 meters long and 182 wide, with a perimeter of 800 m and a height of 18 meters.

Akapana (cross-shaped pyramidal) Tiwanaku

It consists of 7 stepped terraces supported by different retaining walls for each level. These terraces are separated by walls of carved sandstone that were filled with sediment and then compacted. 

We are going up the Akapana Pyramid, and arrived at the summit.

It is believed that the Thiuanak people used it as a place of worship, because at its top there was a semi-underground temple in the shape of a cross. It is believed to have been a temple dedicated to the sun or other astral deities.

According to a recent study, a complex waterway was running inside the pyramid.

The pyramid remains are destroyed terribly, and there is no longer the feature of ancient times.

Templete ; The Templete Semi Subterraneo (Semi Subterranean Temple) is a sunken rectangle area some two meters deep. The walls of the temple are studded with 200 stone carved heads.

Templete (Semi-subterranean temple), it has a central sunken court.

Three carved stone pillars are in the center. The carved stone heads are studded on the wall.

Kalasasaya (Temple) on the left, Templete (Semi-subterranean temple) on the right, photo taken from Akapana (Pyramid)

Kalasasaya (Temple) ; The Kalasasaya is a low platform mound with a large courtyard, which is surrounded by high stone walls.

Main gate of Kalasasaya (It was closed.) Side wall of Kalasasaya (We are walking along the wall to the sanctuary.)

The Kalasasaya is about 120 by 130 meters in dimension and aligned to the cardinal directions. 

Heavy solid stone wall surrounds the sanctuary.

The sanctuary of Kalasasaya Temple

Puerta del Sol (Gate of the Sun, the front and back of the gate.)

The Gate of the Sun is a megalithic solid stone arch, gateway constructed by the ancient Tiwanaku culture more than 1500 years ago. The object is approximately 3.0 m tall and 4.0 m wide, and is constructed from a single piece of stone. The weight is estimated to be 10 tons.

Monolito (Monolith) Ponce and El Fraile

 Megalithic statue called Monolito Ponce, the whole body has beautiful sculptural decorations. Gigantic stone statue called El Fraile, it is regarded as a symbol of water faith because the whole carved patterns are fish and crab.

They are still excavating and restoring in the Kalasasaya temple.

Putuni (Palace of the Sarcophagi) ; The Putuni is adjoined by the Kalasasaya, also known as the Palace of the Sarcophagus. It is surrounded by massive stone walls. 

Putuni (Palace of the Sarcophagi),View from the Akapana (Pyramid)

Putuni is a rectangular platform with a 1.20 m height, its inner walls contain burial chambers.

The inside of Putuni, the burial chambers are along the walls.

The excavations have revealed that the floors were covered with carefully dressed stone flags.

Sarcophagus

It is possible that this site has been a mausoleum for the burial of important people of Tiwanaku State.

Putuni, the Palace of the Sarcophagus. Row of Sarcophagi. Trace of the illegal dig. Large headless monolith.

We were walking slowly, so time has run out. Let’s go and take pictures of the moon gate hurriedly and go back to La Paz.

Walking to the moon gate

Puerta de la Luna (Gateway of the Moon) is near the western end of Kalasasaya.

Monolithic gate, the Puerta de la Luna (Gateway of the Moon)

The moon gate, carved with animal designs, is a similar but smaller than the Puerta del Sol.

After the Puerta de la Luna (Gateway of the Moon), we are leaving the archaeological site in a hurry.

Monument of the unique Tiwanaku deities. This little lizard is an inhabitant of this ruins.

Since I am old, I will never visit this place again. Sayonara, Tiwanaku deities and a little lizard. It was a lot of fun, Gracias.

Walking to the parking lot. Everyone looks fun.