Amano Pre-Columbian Museum, Lima, Perù

From Machu Picchu back to the city of Lima, we decided to go to the Amano museum.

Lima is a pretty beautiful city.

Going to the Amano Museum in the district of Miraflores Lima.

The Amano Museum is located on the street of Retiro in the Miraflores district.

Retiro Street Miraflores Lima

Amano Pre-Columbian Museum

Founder Yoshitaro Amano

Yoshitaro Amano (1898 – 1982) is a Japanese businessman, Andean civilization researcher, who was active in Lima, established the museum. He is not known in the world, but I think he is like Heinrich Schliemann.

We arrived at the Amano Museum. OK, then, let’s enter the museum.

The museum mainly displays textile, earthenware and pottery.

Textile Exhibition Room. The room is dim to prevent fading of the display.

Exhibits of Amano Museum

Net like this was used by the earliest Peruvians. Made of Cabuya. (Cabuya is species of shrub (Agavaceae) native to the Yungas Area and western slopes of Colombia, Ecuador and Peru. It is still a material such as rope.)

Los Nasca, Herederos del Desierto (Nasca, Heirs to the Desert)

Various fabrics developed in Chancay culture

Mysterious image

I took this picture in the museum looking at the video. I wonder if it is a creature in the legendary or mythological world. If you know about it, please let me know.

Mysterious Patterns

Fun patterns

Dyes are natural minerals and plants.

Chancay culture exhibition room

Chancay was a pre-Columbian archeological civilization which located on the central coast of Peru, from about CE 1000 to 1470.

Chancay Culture

They had no characters but had the number.

The guide explained each items, unfortunately I have forgotten most of it. Sorry.

The pottery of Chancay is very interesting. They are funny, aren’t they?

It got really fun as I watched it.

Unique ceramics painting

Outside the museum

It is time to leave the museum. Lotus are blooming outside the museum.I had a very fun time.

Aguas Calientes Peru

Ollantaytambo Train Station

We take a train at Ollantaytambo station and head towards the small town of Aguas Calientes. The train runs west along the Urubamba River.

We took a train to a small village called Aguas Calientes.

Let’s get inside the train.

View from the train window:What kind of life do the inhabitants of this place have?

Arrived at Machu Picchu Station

Aguas Calientes (Spanish, hot waters or hot springs) also known Machupicchu (Quechua, old peak of prominent mountain) is located in the Urubamba Province, Cusco Region. It is the seat of the Machupicchu District. the town lies at the Urubamba River. It has a population of 1,600 inhabitants.

There is a folk craft market in front of Machu Picchu station, let’s enter it.

There are many souvenir shops there. Our guide said, if you do shopping, you should beat down the price.

Left the folk craft market, the statue of Inka is near a bus stop.

According to the legend, the last Emperor Túpac Amaru of the Inca was executed and he became a condor and flew away.

From the market we are walking to the center of the village, old town. A stream runs through the town.

Aguas Calientes is a really small village.

What are these? Trash cans.

We arrived in the main square called Plaza Manco Capac.

The statue of Pachacuti is in the center of the square. Pachacuti was 9th Sapa Inca (Emperor) of Cusco Kingdom.

Plaza Manco Capac, a small square in a small village.

Iglesia Machu Picchu, Aguas Calientes.

Left the parish church, we were walking to the booked hotel, Casa del Sol Machupicchu – Boutique Hotel. It is located in near the folk craft market.

Casa del Sol Machupicchu – Boutique Hotel; The Peru Rail train is running in front of the hotel.

Took a rest at the hotel and after supper I went out for a night walk alone.

Narrow back streets that I walked in the daytime. This town is really small.

Plaza Manco Capac at night, Aguas Calientes.

Night view of Machu Picchu village.

I am returning to the hotel, it is time to go to bed. I will  go to the Machu Picchu Ruins next morning. Buenas noches.

(A huge amount of photographs and descriptions of Machu Picchu Ruins are on the net. That is why I will skip the blog of Machu Picchu Ruins.)

Going to Ollantaytambo Peru

Hired a collectivo, we are going to a little town called Ollantaytambo from Cusco. It will take two hours (72 km).

Colectivo, collective bus, is a vehicle for collective transport.

Leaving Cusco for Ollantaytambo by the colectivo.

Map from Cusco to Machu Picchu.

We are passing the town of Poroy.

Poroy District is one of eight districts of the province Cusco. Poroy is located 13 km west of Cusco and at 3,570 m above sea level. It has a population of 4,452 inhabitance. The main industries of Poroy are agriculture and livestock, there is not any other industry. The travelers just pass by.

When approaching the town of Chinchero, we found a lake on the right. We went there and took pictures.

The lake called lago puray.

Soon, we arrived at the town of Chinchero, where is located at 3,762 m above sea level.

Town Hall of Chinchero

Chinchero is a small town about 30 kilometers northwest of Cusco towards Urubamba in the Peruvian Andes. It has a population of 9 763 inhsbitants.

Walking to the town centre, and arrived at the main square “Plaza de Chinchero.”

The people that live in the district are mainly indigenous citizens of Quechua descent.

Parish Church Virgin of the Nativity

From the parish church, we are walking up the slope to see the Chinchero Ruins in hurry.

Archeological site of Chinchero

Leaving the Ruins of Chinchero

After the ruins of Chinchero we are leaving for the next destination Urubamba hurriedly.

We are running up to a town of Urubamba through the country road. The surrounding landscape is peaceful and beautiful.

Valle Sagrado de los Incas (Sacred Valley of the Incas) We will arrive at Urubamba soon.

Across Rio Urubamba to Urubamba Town

Main Street Av. Ferrocarril Urubamba

Urubamba is a small town in Peru, located near the Urubamba River under the snow-capped mountain Chicón. It has a population of 2,700 inhabitants.

Mount Chicón is in the Urubamba mountain range in the Andes of Peru, about 5,530 m high.

We arrived at the town centre called Plaza de Armas.

Church of St. Peter the Apostle Urubamba on the main square, Plaza de Armas.

Urubamba is the largest town in the Sacred Valley of the Incas. It is also located near a number of significant ruins of the Inca Empire, including Machu Picchu.

From the Plaza de Armas we were walking to Mercado de Urubamba (Urubamba Market), it took 3 minutes.

We arrived at the market. “Come now, let’s go inside.”

There are all items in the market, colorful fruits, meat and fish, vegetables and potatoes, clothing, simple meals, etc.

My friends are happily enjoying shopping, but we cannot stay here so longer. We have to start already.

We continue our journey along the Urubamba River to the town of Ollantaytambo.

Distance from Urubamba to Ollantaytambo is 20 km, it takes about 30 minutes.

We arrived at the Inca Rail Ticket Office of Ollantaytambo.

We got tickets for the train to Aguas Calientes. As we have time for departure, we decided to roam around the town of Ollantaytambo.

Roaming about the town of Ollantaytambo.

Ollantaytambo is a town and an Inca archaeological site in southern Peru. It is located at an altitude of 2,792 metres above sea level on the river Urubamba, in the district of Ollantaytambo, province of Urubamba, Cusco region.

Main Square, Plaza Ollantaytambo

Ollantaytambo was the royal estate of Emperor Pachacuti who conquered the region, built the town and a ceremonial center.

Temple Hill : From here we are walking into the ruins of Ollantaytambo.

Terraced fields of the ruins. I have to climb here.

Steep stone stairs; I should have come when I was young.

Temple of the Sun, Ollantaytambo Ruins

Wall of the Six Monoliths

“The bath of the princess”, a fountain at the base of the ruins

According to a legend, their god Viracocha have instructed the Inca to build the town of Ollantaytambo.

Viracocha

Town of Ollantaytambo, view from the temple hill.

Viracocha, Great creator god in Inca mythology.   

Viracocha, also known Con-Tici or Kon-Tiki, is the great creator deity in the pre-Inca and Inca mythology in the Andes region. Viracocha was one of the most important deities in the Inca pantheon and created the universe, sun, moon, and stars, time (by commanding the sun to move over the sky) and civilization itself.

 It is a beautiful scenery, but we cannot stay here for long. We have to go to the rail station of Ollantaytambo soon.

Getting of the ruins of Temple Hill.

We went down the Temple Hill and walked to the train station of Ollantaytambo through the narrow street. The town looked very peaceful.

Ruins of Tambomachay and Puka Pucara Cusco

Going to the ruins of Tambomachay from Saksaywaman Cusco

Tambo-machay (Inca baths) is located at 8km from the city of Cusco , at 3700 meters above the sea level, is also known as the Cavern Tambo (storage).

Arrived at ruins of Tambomachay and going into the site.

The name comes from the Quechua words Tampu, which means place or storage, and Machay, which means rest, is a splendid place.

Walking to the ruins of Tambomachay.

It consists of a series of aqueducts, canals and waterfalls that run through the terraced rocks, but the function of the site is uncertain.

Bathing ground of the emperor of the Incaic civilization

A ceremony for the water took place there, and thank for his precious gifts like make the flowers grow, and giving life to all creatures in the universe.

The water of the sacred spring flows steadily from the Inca era. Wonderful huge stone modeling.

Left the ruins of Tambomachay we are walking to Puka Pucara, it is also an archaeological site of the Inca era.

Walking through this narrow mountain path to the ruins of Puka Pucara.

The gate of Puka Pucara.

Large fortress, Puka Pucara is located next to Tambomachay. Its name means red fortress and is taken from the red granite that was used in its construction.

Ruins of Puka Pucara Cusco

This fortress is made of large walls, terraces, and staircases and was part of defense of Cusco in particular and the Inca Empire in general.

Very elaborate rock work of Puca Pucara

After walking around the ruins, we were going to return to the hotel in Cuzco.

Souvenir shop at the ruins of Puka Pucara Cusco

We are passing through in front of a souvenir shop at the gate of Puka Pucara and walking to the collective bus stop.

Andean was very beautiful.

On the way back to the hotel, I found a strange thing on a roof of a private house.

An Amulet on a Roof. Looks two lovely cows are lined up on the top of roof. It is called Pucará Bulls.

From the place where the city of Cusco can be overlooked, I walked down to the city centre along the narrow path.

Walking back to the city centre of Cusco.

 I am a little tired, so I will take a rest in the hotel for a while. See you!

Saksaywaman Ruins Cusco

From the Plaza De Armas we are walking to a ruins called Saksaywaman.

Going up a narrow slope. Church of San Cristobal. Roadside stone monument. Approaching Saksaywaman.

Arrived at the ruins of Saksaywaman Cusco.

Saksaywaman (Saksaq Waman, waman means falcon or variable hawk.) is an Inca “ceremonial fortress” located two kilometers north of the city of Cusco, the historic capital of the Inca Empire. 

A section of the wall of Saksaywaman

The fortress were first built by the Killke culture about 1100; they had occupied the area since 900.

Remains of the fort the temple of the Sun and huge stone walls.

The complex was expanded and added to by the Inca from the 13th century; they built dry stone walls (without any mortar) constructed of huge stones. The workers carefully cut the boulders to fit them together tightly without mortar. 

Through this gate, walking up to the hill top.

Arrived at the hill top and took some phots. The site is at an altitude of 3,701 m.

In this ruins, Inti Raimi (festival of the sun) which is regarded as one of the three major festivals of South America will be held on June 24 every year.

Inti Raymi festival (Photos are from the brochures got at the tourist association.)

The Inti Raymi is a religious ceremony of the Inca Empire in honor of the god Inti (Sun), one of the most venerated deities in Inca religion.

Female vendors outside of the ruins. Lovely llamas with woman, boy and girl.

Going out of the ruins, a lot of souvenir sellers came. My friends were buying something for their grandchildren. They are shopaholics.

Plaza De Armas Cusco

From the convent of Santo Domingo we are going to the city centre, Plaza De Armas (Plaza Mayor of Cusco).

Street of El Sol Cusco

Finally arrived at the Plaza De Armas.

The Plaza de Armas was formerly a marsh, which was dried up during the Inca Empire and transformed into the administrative, religious and cultural center of the capital of the empire. After the conquest it was occupied by the Spaniards, who surrounded it with churches and mansions built on the surrounding Inca palaces.

Central Fountain and Jesuit Church, Plaza De Armas

The Iglesia of the Society of Jesus is a historic Jesuit church in the ancient capital of the Inca Empire. Its construction began in 1576, but it was badly damaged in an earthquake in 1650. The rebuilt church was completed nearly two decades later. It was dedicated to the Transfiguration of Christ.

Cusco Cathedral (Cathedral Basilica of the Assumption of the Virgin)

Iglesia del Triunfo (Church of Triumph) Cusco

Cusco Cathedral is the mother church of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Cusco. The building was completed in 1654, almost a hundred years after construction began. Adjacent and joined to the cathedral is the smaller Iglesia del Triunfo, It was the first cathedral to be built in Cusco.

Plaza De Armas Cusco

Women with llamas make tourists take pictures and get a small amount of money. It’s a good job! I gave them some coins.

Left the Plaza De Armas, we were walking into a nearby narrow street without a purpose.

Found some skillful ancient masonry skills.

Mantas Street and Basilica Menor de la Merced (Basilica Minor of the Merced)

The Church and Convent of la Merced, the baroque-style church was erected between 1657 and 1680. The sacristy keeps its most valuable treasure, an amazing monstrance of gold and precious stones.

From Mantas Street we were walking into Marquez Street and then gong to the street of Santa Clara.

Santa Clara Street Cusco

Plaza San Francisco and Iglesia de San Francisco on the street of Santa Clara

The arch of Santa Clara, It was built in 1835.

Passed through the Santa Clara Arch, the Iglesia de Santa Clara appears.

Church and Convent of Santa Clara Cusco

Santa Clara is the first monastery founded in Peru. Although the appearance of the church is devoid of architectural wealth, the interior looks splendid altars of gold stick mirrors which, in the light of the candles, give appearance of bright glare.

Interior of the church, Santa Clara.

Passing through in front of the Church of Santa Clara, the plaza and church of San Pedro come into view.

The Plaza of San Pedro & The Church of San Pedro Cusco

Why are there so many churches like this? I think that Spaniards had destroyed towns, killed natives, open graves and plundered many treasures. Still they wanted to go to heaven after death. So they built many churches. They were not wise.

Street vendors around the church of San Pedro Cusco.

Mercado Central de San Pedro (San Pedro market) Cusco; My friends love shopping, I am in trouble.

Inside of the San Pedro market; I got in the market unwillingly and took some photos. The San Pedro Market has all kinds of items.

Colorful Fruits, huge sausages, unique sneakers and traditional Pachamama Dolls for sale in the Market

Pachamama is a goddess revered by the indigenous people of the Andes. She is also known as the earth/time mother. In Inca mythology, Pachamama is a fertility goddess who presides over planting and harvesting, embodies the mountains, and  causes earthquakes.

After shopping at the San Pedro Market, we checked in at the hotel on the Plaza De Armas and took a rest for a while. 

Hotel Plaza De Armas and Night View of Plaza De Armas Cusco

At the night, I went out and took a few pictures of the Plaza De Armas after dinner. The square was very beautiful. The long day is over. Buenas noches.

Cusco Peru

We flew to Cusco from Lima at the morning, and arrived at the Cusco Airport.

Alejandro Velasco Astete International Airport

Alejandro Velasco Astete International Airport is an international airport located in the city of Cusco, in southeastern Peru. It was named in honor of the Peruvian pilot Alejandro Velasco Astete who was the first aeroplane pilot to cross the Andes in 1925. In September 1925, he crashed and died on the air show in the city of Puno.

Town Map of Cusco

Cusco is a city in southeastern Peru, near the Urubamba Valley of the Andes mountain range. Located at an elevation of 3,399 meters, Cusco has a population of 435,114 in 2013. Main Industry of Cusco a farming and mining department, and in the last years, the tourism has passed to be one of the main economic activities. The agriculture produces are mainly barley, corn, potatoes, quinoas, broad beans and other altitude crops. Cusco was the capital of the Inca Empire from the 13th until the 16th-century Spanish conquest.

View in front of the airport.

From the airport we are going to the city centre, the main square, the Plaza De Armas (Plaza Mayor of Cusco).

Óvalo de Pachacutec (Park of Pachacutec) and Monumento Inca Pachacutec

Pachacutec or Pachacuti Inca was the ninth Sapa (Emperor) Inca (1438–1472) of the Kingdom of Cusco which he transformed into the Inca Empire. Most archaeologists now believe that the famous Inca site of Machu Picchu was built as an estate for Pachacuti.

From the Pachacutec Park we are going north along the San Martin Street to the main square of Cusco.

Plaza Orellana Pumaqchupan Cusco

Plaza Orellana Pumaqchupan is a small park, located between the streets of Tullumayo and El Sol but they are very pretty and unique.

Monument of the Sun in the Orellana Pumaqchupan Park

Since Cusco is located in a high altitude and is close to the sun, so they love monuments of the sun, like this. (It’s a joke.)

Left Plaza Orellana Pumaqchupan Park, we are going to the main square of Cusco.  

From Orellana Pumaqchupan Park, we are going north along the El Sol street and Jardín Sagrado (Sacred garden) appears.

On the way, an old stone building appeared on El Sol Street. It is the Coricancha (Church and Convent of Santo Domingo) in the Sacred Garden.

Facade of Couvent Santo Domingo

Church and Convent of Santo Domingo Cusco

Once home to the most important temple in the Incan Empire, the foundations of Quricancha now lay within Iglesia de Santo Domingo, a church built by the Spanish after they virtually destroyed the former temple.

Coricancha (Qoricancha) Temple of the Sun

We have to hurry to Plaza De Armas.