Plaza De Armas Cusco

From the convent of Santo Domingo we are going to the city centre, Plaza De Armas (Plaza Mayor of Cusco).

Street of El Sol Cusco

Finally arrived at the Plaza De Armas.

The Plaza de Armas was formerly a marsh, which was dried up during the Inca Empire and transformed into the administrative, religious and cultural center of the capital of the empire. After the conquest it was occupied by the Spaniards, who surrounded it with churches and mansions built on the surrounding Inca palaces.

Central Fountain and Jesuit Church, Plaza De Armas

The Iglesia of the Society of Jesus is a historic Jesuit church in the ancient capital of the Inca Empire. Its construction began in 1576, but it was badly damaged in an earthquake in 1650. The rebuilt church was completed nearly two decades later. It was dedicated to the Transfiguration of Christ.

Cusco Cathedral (Cathedral Basilica of the Assumption of the Virgin)

Iglesia del Triunfo (Church of Triumph) Cusco

Cusco Cathedral is the mother church of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Cusco. The building was completed in 1654, almost a hundred years after construction began. Adjacent and joined to the cathedral is the smaller Iglesia del Triunfo, It was the first cathedral to be built in Cusco.

Plaza De Armas Cusco

Women with llamas make tourists take pictures and get a small amount of money. It’s a good job! I gave them some coins.

Left the Plaza De Armas, we were walking into a nearby narrow street without a purpose.

Found some skillful ancient masonry skills.

Mantas Street and Basilica Menor de la Merced (Basilica Minor of the Merced)

The Church and Convent of la Merced, the baroque-style church was erected between 1657 and 1680. The sacristy keeps its most valuable treasure, an amazing monstrance of gold and precious stones.

From Mantas Street we were walking into Marquez Street and then gong to the street of Santa Clara.

Santa Clara Street Cusco

Plaza San Francisco and Iglesia de San Francisco on the street of Santa Clara

The arch of Santa Clara, It was built in 1835.

Passed through the Santa Clara Arch, the Iglesia de Santa Clara appears.

Church and Convent of Santa Clara Cusco

Santa Clara is the first monastery founded in Peru. Although the appearance of the church is devoid of architectural wealth, the interior looks splendid altars of gold stick mirrors which, in the light of the candles, give appearance of bright glare.

Interior of the church, Santa Clara.

Passing through in front of the Church of Santa Clara, the plaza and church of San Pedro come into view.

The Plaza of San Pedro & The Church of San Pedro Cusco

Why are there so many churches like this? I think that Spaniards had destroyed towns, killed natives, open graves and plundered many treasures. Still they wanted to go to heaven after death. So they built many churches. They were not wise.

Street vendors around the church of San Pedro Cusco.

Mercado Central de San Pedro (San Pedro market) Cusco; My friends love shopping, I am in trouble.

Inside of the San Pedro market; I got in the market unwillingly and took some photos. The San Pedro Market has all kinds of items.

Colorful Fruits, huge sausages, unique sneakers and traditional Pachamama Dolls for sale in the Market

Pachamama is a goddess revered by the indigenous people of the Andes. She is also known as the earth/time mother. In Inca mythology, Pachamama is a fertility goddess who presides over planting and harvesting, embodies the mountains, and  causes earthquakes.

After shopping at the San Pedro Market, we checked in at the hotel on the Plaza De Armas and took a rest for a while. 

Hotel Plaza De Armas and Night View of Plaza De Armas Cusco

At the night, I went out and took a few pictures of the Plaza De Armas after dinner. The square was very beautiful. The long day is over. Buenas noches.

Cusco Peru

We flew to Cusco from Lima at the morning, and arrived at the Cusco Airport.

Alejandro Velasco Astete International Airport

Alejandro Velasco Astete International Airport is an international airport located in the city of Cusco, in southeastern Peru. It was named in honor of the Peruvian pilot Alejandro Velasco Astete who was the first aeroplane pilot to cross the Andes in 1925. In September 1925, he crashed and died on the air show in the city of Puno.

Town Map of Cusco

Cusco is a city in southeastern Peru, near the Urubamba Valley of the Andes mountain range. Located at an elevation of 3,399 meters, Cusco has a population of 435,114 in 2013. Main Industry of Cusco a farming and mining department, and in the last years, the tourism has passed to be one of the main economic activities. The agriculture produces are mainly barley, corn, potatoes, quinoas, broad beans and other altitude crops. Cusco was the capital of the Inca Empire from the 13th until the 16th-century Spanish conquest.

View in front of the airport.

From the airport we are going to the city centre, the main square, the Plaza De Armas (Plaza Mayor of Cusco).

Óvalo de Pachacutec (Park of Pachacutec) and Monumento Inca Pachacutec

Pachacutec or Pachacuti Inca was the ninth Sapa (Emperor) Inca (1438–1472) of the Kingdom of Cusco which he transformed into the Inca Empire. Most archaeologists now believe that the famous Inca site of Machu Picchu was built as an estate for Pachacuti.

From the Pachacutec Park we are going north along the San Martin Street to the main square of Cusco.

Plaza Orellana Pumaqchupan Cusco

Plaza Orellana Pumaqchupan is a small park, located between the streets of Tullumayo and El Sol but they are very pretty and unique.

Monument of the Sun in the Orellana Pumaqchupan Park

Since Cusco is located in a high altitude and is close to the sun, so they love monuments of the sun, like this. (It’s a joke.)

Left Plaza Orellana Pumaqchupan Park, we are going to the main square of Cusco.  

From Orellana Pumaqchupan Park, we are going north along the El Sol street and Jardín Sagrado (Sacred garden) appears.

On the way, an old stone building appeared on El Sol Street. It is the Coricancha (Church and Convent of Santo Domingo) in the Sacred Garden.

Facade of Couvent Santo Domingo

Church and Convent of Santo Domingo Cusco

Once home to the most important temple in the Incan Empire, the foundations of Quricancha now lay within Iglesia de Santo Domingo, a church built by the Spanish after they virtually destroyed the former temple.

Coricancha (Qoricancha) Temple of the Sun

We have to hurry to Plaza De Armas.

Larcomar Lima

From the pyramid of Huaca Huallamarca we are going to the booked hotel in Miraflores.

On the way, a strange building appeared so we took some pictures.

Parroquia Santa Maria Reina (Santa Maria Reina Parish Church)

The statue of the Virgin Mary in front of the church and the altar.

This parish church is not so big, but its interior is very beautiful. At that time one of my friends said, “Let’s go shopping after this.” Other friends replayed “Good idea!” (Disgusted! Fed up! Boring! Why do the almost women in the world so love shopping?) The guide took us to Parque Salazar (Salazar Park).

Going to the Salazar Park. Plaza Ovalo Gutierrez and Crossing of St. Jorge Chávez and Av. José Pardo

Eventually we arrived at Salazar Park.

My friends are walking to the Larcomar Shopping Center.

Larcomar is an exclusive shopping center in the Miraflores district of Lima. It is frequently visited by international tourists, as well as by locals from Miraflores and other parts of Lima.

Larcomar Shopping Center

Larcomar is located on Av. Jose Larco, and it is along the cliff next to the mar (ocean or sea in English).

My friends have gone to the Larcomar Shopping Center and I still have been in the Salazar Park taking some shots of the scenery around the park.  

Salazar Park, Cliff and Ocean

Gone down the stairs, I am entering the shopping center.

Walking on each floor.

A family is enjoying shopping. Looks happy.

Free open space. Locals are relaxing.

It’ time to leave the Larcomar Shopping Center, Adios!

Left the Larcomar Shopping Center we are going to the Hotel Casa Andina Premium Miraflores. We headed north along the Jose Larco Street and reached at the Miraflores Central Park.

I took some pictures at the park. Miraculous Virgin Mary Parish Church, Miraflores City Hall, Central Park and Nougat Vendor.

I walked to the hotel from the Miraflores Central Park, it was about 6 minutes away.

Arrived at the hotel of Casa Andina Premium Miraflores.

I have come to like the town of Lima, but probably won’t come back again. Gracias por la ciudad de Lima. (Thanks for the town of Lima.)

Pyramid Huaca Huallamarca Lima

We flew to Lima Peru from La Paz Bolivia at that morning.

Scenery, the city of La Paz. We are leaving the city of La Paz for the El Alto International Airport.

View of Lima city. We are going to a restaurant in the Barranco District from the Jorge Chávez International Airport.

Arrived at the reputable restaurant “Cala” in the Barranco District.

After lunch, we are going to the pyramid of Huaca Huallamarca in the San Isidro District.

Through the district of Miraflores, we are going to the pyramid called Huaca Huallamarca.

Miraflores District is an exclusive residential and upscale shopping district south of downtown Lima. It is also one of the most affluent districts that make up the city of Lima.

We arrived at the pyramid of Huaca Huallamarca Lima.

Huaca Huallamarca is an archaeological site, located in the district of San Isidro, in the city of Lima.

Well, let’s get a ticket and enter the ruins.

The small museum of Huaca Huallamarca. We have to enter this museum and study this pyramid first.

PREHISPAIC HUALLAMARCA : Around the year 200 BC, the Central Coast was the home of several social groups, who shared the same culture, language and beliefs, forming small political units not cohesive among them. Today the archaeological evidence of public architecture of these groups is scarce. Small pyramids associated to settlements are mentioned, in other cases, the existence of stone platforms associated to courtyards. In the Rímac River lower valley a rare example of public building is the Huallamarca pyramid, built based on small handmade irregularly shaped adobes.

Chronological table (North, Center, South)

After 200AC. one of these cultural groups imposed forming a cultural unit that integrated several valleys, this is Lima culture. From that time, Huallamarca was abandoned until become cemetery hosting burials and mummies of the Lima and Yshmay cultures. When the Incas arrived to the Rimac valley (1470), the Señorio Yshmay was conquered and became inyo the province of Pachacamac. At that time, on the east side of the first platform of the archaeological site, enclosures, courtyards, kitchen and storage areas were built. 

Inside the museum.

Exhibits at the museum are mainly pots such as pots, mummies, and masks of the dead.

Really funny pots.

Left the museum, a doggie is here.

“Why is this dog here?” I asked. The guide said. We call him the professor of archaeology, who live in here and is investigating ruins every day. “I see! He seems to be wiser than my son.” I muttered.

We are walking up this slope to the highest terrace of the pyramid.

It seems that they restored the original elliptical pyramid to the rectangular one.

Arrived at the top of the pyramid.

Landscape in Lima, from the Huaca Huallamarca.

Funeral Chamber, Mummies of Huaca Huallamarca

Mummy’s costume, It is very unique, happy face.

Explanatory board says.

Learn about the funeral.

After learning about the funeral, we decided to leave her

Basilica and convent of Santo Domingo Lima

After the Cathedral of Lima, we are leaving the church and going to the next destination the Santo Domingo convent in Lima. It takes about 5 minutes on foot.

Leaving the Plaza de Armas and walking to the Convent of St. Domingo Lima.

Iglasia Convento de Santo Domingo (Church and Convent St. Domingo) Lima

Built in 1578, the Basilica and Convento Santo Domingo is an architectural complex of religious buildings under the patronage of Our Lady of the Rosary.

Arrived at Sano Domingo, and we are getting into the Convent.

Its construction began during the founding of Lima and concluded at the end of the 16th century. It took about fifty years.

Main Patio of the Convent of Santo Domingo

Main Cloister of the Convent

The walls are decorated with tiles from Seville that date from the years 1604 and 1606.

Room of Santa Rosa in Santo Domingo Convent Museum Lima

Rose of Lima (1586 – 1617) was a member of the Third Order of Saint Dominic in Lima, Peru, who became known for both her life of severe asceticism and her care of the needy of the city through her own private efforts. A lay member of the Dominican Order, she has been declared a saint by the Catholic Church, being the first person born in the Americas to be canonized.

Santa Rosa Beautiful Carrara marble sculpture, depicting lying down Santa Rosa, with the blessing of the angel, looks like petals of roses. Italian baroque work by the Maltese sculptor Melchor Caffa, 1669. 0.82 x 1.47 m

Tomb of Santa Rosa de Lima, Convent of Santo Domingo, Lima, Peru

Second Patio and its cloister of the Convent, which leads to the room of Martin de Porres, which was also used as a clinic, where he devoted himself to helping the poor and sick.

Saint Martin de Porres (1579 – 1639), was a lay brother of the Dominican Order who was canonized in 1962.

Saint Martin’s Room of Convent Santo Domingo Lima

He grew up in a poor family, however, later he was noted for work on behalf of the poor, establishing an orphanage and a children’s hospital.

Chapel of San Martín de Porres, Convent Santo Domingo Lima

He is the patron saint of mixed-race people, barbers, innkeepers, public health workers, and all those seeking racial harmony. Explanation board of the reliquary says “The urn in which the body and relics of Sant John Macias were conserved until the 1930s. Cedar wood, bronze, inlaid with gemstones. The leather from the cot on which Saint John Macias died is kept in the urn.” 

The room of St. John Macías, Convent Santo Domingo Lima

The room of St. John Macías (San Juan Macias 1585 – 1645) was a Spanish-born Dominican lay brother who evangelized in Peru in 1620. He was venerated by the local laity in Peru and canonized in 1975.

St. John Macías’ main image and reliquary in the Basilica and Convent Santo Domingo Lima.

Explanation board of the reliquary says “The urn in which the body and relics of Sant John Macias were conserved until the 1930s. Cedar wood, bronze, inlaid with gemstones. The leather from the cot on which Saint John Macias died is kept in the urn.” 

Interior of the Basilica, Our Lady of the Rosary Lima

The interior of the Iglesia Convent de Santo Domingo was very beautiful. It was a long flight. But it was worth having come to Lima. After this we are going to the Restaurant Huaca Pucllana to have dinner. It is located in the open air museum of Huaca Pucllana Pyramid in Miraflores Lima.

Going to the Restaurant Huaca Pucllana: Monastery of Jesus, Mary and Joseph, Plaza de San Martín, Supreme Court of Peru and Plaza Grau of Lima.

We arrived at the entrance of the Restaurant Huaca Pucllana in the evening.

The Huaca Pucllana is a great adobe and clay pyramid located in the Miraflores district of central Lima, built from seven staggered platforms.

Scenery, inside of Huaca Paullina.

The Huaca Pucllana served as an important ceremonial and administrative center for the advancement of the Lima Culture, a society which developed in the Peruvian Central Coast between the years of 200 AD and 700 AD.

Restaurant Huaca Pucllana Lima

Night view of the ruins from the Restaurant Huaca Pucllana.

After dinner, we are going to the Jorge Chávez International Airport Lima and will take a midnight fright to the city of Santa Cruz in Bolivia.

I didn’t not know anything about Lima Peru. But it was very interesting and enjoyable. I have to leave this town soon. But I will come back and stay here for several days on the way back. I am looking forward to it.

Plaza de Armas of Lima

From the Larco Museum, we are going to the Main Square of Lima called the Plaza de Armas.

Going to the Plaza de Armas, through the Plaza De La Bandera and Plaza Bolognesi.

Going to the Plaza de Armas, through the Plaza De La Bandera and Plaza Bolognesi.

And we arrived at the Plaza de Armas.

The Plaza de Armas, Main Square of Lima, is the birthplace and core of the city of Lima. Located in the Historic Centre of Lima, it is surrounded by the Government Palace, Cathedral, Archbishop’s Palace of Lima, the Municipal Palace, and the Palace of the Union.

Plaza de Armas where local folks rest. The Government Palace is on the plaza.

Built in 1535, the Government Palace o is the seat of the executive branch of the Peruvian Government and the official residence of the President of Peru.

Plaza de Armas; Central Fountain, Archbishop’s Palace, Palace of the Union and Municipal Palace of Lima.

The Archbishop’s Palace is the residence of the Archbishop of Lima, and the palace is also headquarters to the offices of the cardinal of Peru, who is also the archbishop of Lima.

An arcade and a small-time candy stall on the Plaza de Armas.

The Basilica Cathedral of Lima.

The construction of the cathedral began in 1535 and completed in1538. It retains its colonial structure and façade. It is dedicated to St John, Apostle and Evangelist.

The façade of the Cathedral of Lima.

Walking to the nave of the Cathedral.

The nave of the Cathedral.

The main alter of the Cathedral of Lima.

There are many chapels on the nave. One of them is the chapel of Francisco Pizarro.

Francisco Pizarro’s chapel. Picture of Francisco Pizarro landing in Peru. Tomb of Francisco Pizarro in the Crypt of Cathedral of Lima.

In January 18th 1535, Francisco Pizarro laid the first foundation stone, carrying on his shoulders the first log was used in the construction of the Cathedral. The chosen location was between the Main Plaza and the Street of the Jews.

Chapel of the Immaculate Conception

The impressive Chapel of the Immaculate Conception is an original baroque altar, dedicated to Our Lady of Evangelization.

Then, let’s walk down to the underground chapel under the main altar.

The crypt of the Cathedral of Lima. Walking down to the crypt, there are many sculls and coffins there.

Crypt of the Cathedral of Lima. The rooms are the Museum of Religious Art of the Cathedral.

After the Cathedral of Lima, we are leaving the church and going to the next destination the Santo Domingo convent in Lima.

Larco Archaeological Museum Lima Peru

We decided to have lunch at a restaurant in the museum’s garden first .

The museum garden is full of colorful flowers.

The museum garden is full of colorful flowers.

Walking to the museum resttaurant.

Walking to the museum restaurant.

We decided to have lunch at a restaurant in the museum’s garden first.

Larco Museum Restaurant

Larco Museum Restaurant

And its garden is beautiful.

And its garden is beautiful.

Flowers in the Garden

Flowers in the Garden

After lunch we are getting into the Larco Museum.

After lunch we are getting into the Larco Museum.

The Larco Museum (Archaeological Museum of Rafael Larco Herrera) is a privately owned museum of pre-Columbian art, located in the Pueblo Libre District of Lima. The museum is housed in an 18th-century vice-royal building, and displays chronological galleries that provide a thorough overview of 4,000 years of Peruvian pre-Columbian history. It is well known for its gallery of pre-Columbian rare pottery.

Tenon Heads, Chavín Culture (900 BC - 200 BC).

Tenon Heads, Chavín Culture (900 BC – 200 BC).

Tenon Head is a stone head which originally protruded from the exterior wall of the temple at the Chavin religious site.

Pottery of the Moche civilization (A.D.100–700), it flourished in northern Peru.

Pottery of the Moche civilization (A.D.100–700), it flourished in northern Peru.

Gold headdress, Mochica royalty attribute, Moche culture.

Gold headdress, Mochica royalty attribute, Moche culture.

Moche Culture: Fish-boat depicting sacrifice of warriors. Defeated warriors were sacrificed by being thrown off a precipice in the mountains.

Moche Culture: Fish-boat depicting sacrifice of warriors. Defeated warriors were sacrificed by being thrown off a precipice in the mountains.

Stone statue of the Pacopampa remains (13th century B.C. - 1st century A.D.). Female god with features of feline, bird and snake.

Stone statue of the Pacopampa remains (13th century B.C. – 1st century A.D.). Female god with features of feline, bird and snake.

Ceramic pots of pre-Columbian

Ceramic pots of pre-Columbian

Nazca Culture (1-800 CE).

Nazca Culture (1-800 CE).

Sican culture (8th century - 13th century A.D). Material is gold plated on copper and silver. God's face with feline. fangs.

Sican culture (8th century – 13th century A.D). Ceremonial container, material is gold plated on copper and silver. God’s face with feline. fangs.

Exhibition room of Larco Museum

Exhibition room of Larco Museum

Chimú culture, sheet silver, hammer-molded drinking cup depicting a stylized human head.

Chimú culture (c. 900 -1470 A.D.), sheet silver, hammer-molded drinking cup depicting a stylized human head.

Chimú culture, nose ornament.

Chimú culture, nose ornament.

Chimu culture, only known full set of Gold Chimu Clothing for an elite.

Chimu culture, only known full set of Gold Chimu Clothing for an elite.

Ancient Pre-Columbian Incan mask archaeological artifact.

Ancient Pre-Columbian Incan mask archaeological artifact.

Ancient Incas jewelry. In any age, women love such things.

Ancient Incas jewelry. In any age, women love such things.

Dishes of ancient Incas.

Dishes of ancient Incas.

Brain surgery was done in ancient Inca. Scalpels for brain surgery and operated skulls.

Brain surgery was done in ancient Inca. Scalpels for brain surgery and operated skulls.

Another exhibition room.

Another exhibition room.

 It is impossible to describe and explain all the photos of the Larco Museum. Sorry.

It is impossible to describe and explain all the photos of the Larco Museum. Sorry.

 It takes much time when you look around all Larco Museum eagerly. I was tired.