Biertan Transylvania, Rumania

Biertan is a commune in central Romania, in the north of the Sibiu County, 80 km north of Sibiu. It has a population of 2,519 inhabitants in the 2011. Biertan is one of the most important Saxon villages with fortified churches in Transylvania, having been on the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites since 1993.

Scenery from Sibiu to Biertan Rumania

The Biertan fortified church was the see (Bishop province) of the Lutheran Evangelical Bishop in Transylvania between 1572 and 1867. The commune is composed of three villages: Biertan, Copșa Mare and Richiș, each of which has a fortified church.

I am going into the village of Richiş first.

Richiş is a tiny village with a population of 679 inhabitants, but  it’s famous for the fortified church.

Walking to the village cente . Calm and quiet village.

I’ve heard that the number of people from European countries migrating to this village is increasing.

The village center of Richiș.

Evangelical-Lutheran Church Richiș

Evangelical fortified church in Retterberg foothills was built between 1350 and 1451, the late Gothic style, two Annexes and cross-nave basilica, it is the model of the Episcopal Church. As I have no time, so I took some photos of the church from outside and headed to the next village, Biertan.

After the tiny village of Richiș, arrived at the neighboring village Biertan and I am walking the main street of Aurel Vlaicu to the village center, in front of the fortified church. Vietnam is also a small village, it has a population of 1872 inhabitants.

Scenery of Biertan village. It is quiet.

The Biertan fortified church comes into view.

Arrived in front of the fortification church in Biertan.

The Biertan fortified church is a Lutheran fortified church in Biertan, in the Transylvania region. It was built by the ethnic German Transylvanian Saxon community at a time when the area belonged to the Kingdom of Hungary. Briefly Roman Catholic, it became Lutheran following the Reformation.

Biertan Fortified Church Plan

Entrance of the fortification church of Biertan.

Gate Tower of Fortified Church

Entered the fortified church complex, access to the church is up a covered wooden staircase dating from 1795.

I’m walking up the covered staircase that is almost 100 m long.

Massive solid walls, the phot was taken from the staircase window.

Biertan Fortified Church had three defensive walls.

The King granted the town the right to bear arms when the Ottoman army was frightening the surroundings. The Transylvanian Saxons chose to build instead of fortresses around the towns, to fortify the churches.

Fortified Basilica Biertan

Walked up and got out the staircase, there is a Gospel Church. Let’s get into it.

Interior of Fortified Basilica

Very beautiful altarpiece of the Basilica

Got out of the fortified church, I was looking at the idyllic village.

Quiet village of Biertan, view from the fortified church.

The Fortified Church had three defensive walls with towers and gateways. Each of the towers had a different function. One was used by the villagers to store bacon in case of siege. Another was used for parish meetings.

Catholics Tower, clock tower and bell tower of the fortified church.

Catholics Tower ; When it was built, the church was Roman Catholic, but later it  became a Lutheran Church after the Reformation. The Roman Catholics were allowed to keep a small chapel in one of the towers for worship.

Mausoleum Tower

Headstones in Mausoleum Tower

Biertan Local Museum; House for divorcing couples.

This is a house like a jail. The house was used to confine a couple wanting to divorce, for one or two weeks.What is the result of it?

Inside of the house, just one single bed is in the room.

It’s time to leave the fortified church, I’m walking down to the outside of the church.

Got out the Fortified Church, there is a square called 1st December 1918. (Great Union Day, occurring on December 1 1918, is the national holiday of Romania. It commemorates the assembly of the delegates of ethnic Romanians held in Alba Iulia, which declared the Union of Transylvania with Romania.)

Square 1st December 1918 of Biertan

Leaving the Fortified Church of Biertan for the next village Copşa Mare.

Running to the village of Copşa Mare from Biertan, the landscape is pastoral and very beautiful.

Arrived at the edge of Copşa Mare. Most of the streets are not paved.

Copşa Mare is a village in the municipality of Biertan, Transylvania Rumania. It has a population of 444 inhabitants, it’s a really tiny village. The nearest major cities is Sighișoara, about 20 km north-east.

Walking to the village center. The houses are like Biertan.

The main industries of the village are wine production, stock raising and dairy farming. Beekeeping is also thriving. If you come to this village, you should better buy honey.

A wagon loaded with grass came over. The old man greeted me. . “De unde vă aflați?” (I think that he said where are you from?) And I replied “I’m from Tokyo.” “Enjoy!” He’s gone.

I’m approaching the village center.

Arrived at the village center of Copşa Mare. The fortified church rises above the hill.

Unfortunately, I do not have enough time, so I have to take pictures and return to the car hastily.

Fortified Basilica (Lutheran Church) Copșa Mare

Copşa Mare had few tourists becouse it is far from the national highway and railway station.

Leaving the village of Copşa Mare.

The villagers of Copşa Mare are simple, honest and kind to travelers. I wanted to send the rest of my life in this village, if possible. I am too old to be able to do so.

Young farmer is coming back home with hay.

I am in a hurry to the next destination, Sighișoara.

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