From the convent of Santo Domingo we are going to the city centre, Plaza De Armas (Plaza Mayor of Cusco).
The Plaza de Armas was formerly a marsh, which was dried up during the Inca Empire and transformed into the administrative, religious and cultural center of the capital of the empire. After the conquest it was occupied by the Spaniards, who surrounded it with churches and mansions built on the surrounding Inca palaces.
The Iglesia of the Society of Jesus is a historic Jesuit church in the ancient capital of the Inca Empire. Its construction began in 1576, but it was badly damaged in an earthquake in 1650. The rebuilt church was completed nearly two decades later. It was dedicated to the Transfiguration of Christ.
Cusco Cathedral is the mother church of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Cusco. The building was completed in 1654, almost a hundred years after construction began. Adjacent and joined to the cathedral is the smaller Iglesia del Triunfo, It was the first cathedral to be built in Cusco.
Women with llamas make tourists take pictures and get a small amount of money. It’s a good job! I gave them some coins.
The Church and Convent of la Merced, the baroque-style church was erected between 1657 and 1680. The sacristy keeps its most valuable treasure, an amazing monstrance of gold and precious stones.
Santa Clara is the first monastery founded in Peru. Although the appearance of the church is devoid of architectural wealth, the interior looks splendid altars of gold stick mirrors which, in the light of the candles, give appearance of bright glare.
Passing through in front of the Church of Santa Clara, the plaza and church of San Pedro come into view.
Why are there so many churches like this? I think that Spaniards had destroyed towns, killed natives, open graves and plundered many treasures. Still they wanted to go to heaven after death. So they built many churches. They were not wise.
Pachamama is a goddess revered by the indigenous people of the Andes. She is also known as the earth/time mother. In Inca mythology, Pachamama is a fertility goddess who presides over planting and harvesting, embodies the mountains, and causes earthquakes.
After shopping at the San Pedro Market, we checked in at the hotel on the Plaza De Armas and took a rest for a while.
At the night, I went out and took a few pictures of the Plaza De Armas after dinner. The square was very beautiful. The long day is over. Buenas noches.