Esztergom Basilica is the mother church of the Archdiocese of Esztergom-Budapest, and the seat of the Catholic Church in Hungary. It is dedicated to the Saint Mary of the Assumption and Saint Adalbert.
Adalbert of Prague (c. 956 – 23 April 997) was a Bohemian missionary and Christian saint. He was the Bishop of Prague and a missionary to the Hungarians, Poles, and Prussians, who was martyred in his efforts to convert the Baltic Prussians to Christianity. He baptized Géza of Hungary and his son Stephen in Esztergom. Esztergom Basilica is the largest church, and the tallest building, in Hungary. It is 118 m long and 49 m wide. It has a reverberation time of more than 9 seconds.
The altarpiece (13.5 × 6.6 metres, depicting the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary) is the largest painting in the world painted on a single piece of canvas.
The basilica is also known for Bakócz Chapel (named after Tamás Bakócz), built by Italian masters between 1506–1507 out of red marble of Süttő, its walls adorned with Tuscan Renaissance motifs. It is the most precious remaining example of Renaissance art in Hungary.
Tamás Bakócz (1442 – 1521) was a Hungarian archbishop, cardinal and statesman. He was an archbishop of Esztergom (1497).
The huge crypt, built in Old Egyptian style in 1831, is today the resting place of late archbishops, among others, József Mindszenty, famous for his opposition to both Nazi and Communist rule.
After Esztergom Basilica, we are going to the Esztergom castle museum.
The origin of the castle is unknown but this part of the palace was built in the time of King Béla III (1148 – 1196).
Most parts of the palace were explored and restored in the period between 1934 and 1938, but even today there are archeological excavations in progress.
Since we were running out of time, so we were walking through in the Esztergom Royal Palace Museum hastily.
After this we are going to the old town of Visegrád on the right bank of the Danube.