We left the Ani Ruins for Kars and had lunch in the town then headed to the next destination Erzurum.
Çobandede Bridge was built in the late 13th century. The old important bridge is used today and protected, the restoration work still continues.
The city of Erzurum is situated 1757 meters above sea level. It has a population of 367,250 in 2010. It has some of the finest winter sports facilities in Turkey and hosted the 2011 Winter Universidad.
Yakutiye Medresesi (Madrasa) is a historical 14th century Madrasa in Erzurum. It was built in 1310 by order of a local governor of the Hoca Yakut, and it is named after him.
It is the Turkey’s oldest mosque, which was built by Lala Mustafa Pasha in1563.
Built as a theological school in1265, Çifte Minareli Medrese is an architectural monument of the late Seljuk period and a symbol of the city of Erzurum.
Üç Kumbetler (Three Tombs) of Erzurum; The graves of three kings were built from the 13th to the 14th century.
The Uc Kumbetler is a group of three tombs, the most notable of which is that of Emir Saltuk, the founder of Saltuklu State.
Emir Saltuk was a ruler of the Saltuklu Dynasty and built this tomb in the late 12th century.
Erzurum Kalesi (Castle) lies on top of the hill in the center of the city. The first fortification at this site was probably built in Urartian times.
Throughout history Erzurum changed hands frequently between the Assyrians, the Sassanids, Persians, Arabs, Romans and Byzantines.
The present castle was built in 415 AD under the Byzantine Emperor Theodosius II.