Harran was a major ancient city in Upper Mesopotamia whose site is near the modern village of Altınbaşak, 44 kilometers southeast of Şanlıurfa.
The village of Altınbaşak is a mostly ethnic Arab town and District of Şanlıurfa Province. It has a population of 98.897 (in 2014).
The archaeological remains of ancient Harran was a major commercial, cultural, and religious center and first inhabited in the Early Bronze Age.
The town of Harran flourished and survived from the Assyrian period, the Roman and Byzantine, the Early Christian and the Islamic period.
In the 1260s the city was completely destroyed and abandoned during the Mongol invasions of Syria.
Harran is famous for its traditional “beehive” adobe houses, constructed entirely without wood. The design of these makes them cool inside, suiting the climatic needs of the region, and is thought to have been unchanged for at least 3,000 years.
Some were still in use as dwellings this village until the 1980s. However, those remaining today are strictly tourist exhibits, while most of Harran’s population lives in a newly built small village of Altınbaşak.
Left the house and I walked around the village. The village is really interesting.