Lankatilaka Vihara, Polonnaruwa Sri-Lanka

After the Quandrangle, left for the Lankatilaka and the Gal Vihara on foot.

Pabula vihara and Shiva Devale No. 2, the landscape on the way to  Lankatilaka and Gal Vihara

The landscape on the way to Lankatilaka and Gal Vihara, 19 Pabula vihara and 27 Shiva Devale No. 2.

19 Pabula Vihara, also known as the Parakramabahu Vihara, is a tpical dagoba from the period of Parakramabahu I. It is the third-largest dagoba in Polonnaruwa. 27 Shiva Devale No. 2 is the oldest structure in Polonnaruwa and dates from the brif Chola period, when the Indian invaders established the city. It was built entirely of stone, so the structure today is much as it was when built.

Map: Quadrangle to Gal Vihara Polonnaruwa

Map: Quadrangle to Gal Vihara Polonnaruwa; This area is called Alahana Parivena.

23 Rankot Vihara and 12 Buddha Seema Prasada

23 Rankot Vihara and 12 Buddha Seema Prasada

23 Rankot Vihara (initial name “Ruwanmali dagaba”) is the 4th largest stupa in the country. Built by King Nissanka Malla (1187-1196), it is 55 meters in height 185 meters in circumference. This is the largest Stupa in Polonnaruwa. 12 Buddha Seema Prasada is the highest building in this area, a monastic university that extends over 80 hectares, the Buddha Seema Prasada was the abbots’ convocation hall, and features a ‘mandapaya’ or raised platform with decorative pillars.

Scenery around the Lankatilaka Vihara

Scenery around the Lankatilaka Vihara

This area was dense with numerous untouched ruins.

16 Lankatilaka Vihara is a monolithic Buddha image house built by king Parakramabahu (1153-1186) lying on the north of Buddha Seema Prasada.

Lankatilaka Vihara, Polonnaruwa, Sri Lanka

Lankatilaka Vihara, Polonnaruwa, Sri Lanka

At the entrance to the building is two massive pillars made from bricks. The tallest one is 58 feet in height.

Lankatilaka Vihara, Polonnaruwa

Lankatilaka Vihara, Polonnaruwa

The Buddha statue is also completely made out of clay bricks and it has been 41 feet in height.

Huge Buddha statue of the Lankatilaka Vihara

Huge Buddha statue of the Lankatilaka Vihara

Specially made flat bricks have been used to build this statue and today the portion above the shoulder is destroyed.

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The massive pillar with sculpture of Lankatilaka in Polonnaruwa

The building is complete made out of bricks and the outer walls are covered with elaborate designs and carvings.

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Embossed carving and fresco of Lankatilaka

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The guardstone and a monkey praying at Lankatilaka Vihara

Flora of this area, Polonnaruwa

Flora of this area, Polonnaruwa

 

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