Just a short strall north from the Shiva Devaraya Temple ruins, It is a area of Sacred Dalada Maluwa (Dalada Courtyard), it’s usually referred as the Quadrangle. Quadrangle is literally a compact group of fascinating ruins in a raised-up area bounded by walls. The Quadrangle was built under rulers Vijayabahu I (1056-1111), Parakramabahu I (1153-1186) and Nissanka Malla (1187-1196).
The Sacred Quandrangle contains buildings that either housed the tooth relic of Buddha or else were dedicated to worshipping the relic. Whatever the reality is, this area is considered to be the religious heart and soul of Polonnaruwa as it contains the oldest and most sacred buildings in the city.
I got into the sanctuary through the eastern gate.
Go up this stone stairs and passing through the path of the stone colonnade, then came up between Vatadage and Hatadage of the Quadrangle.
3 Hatadage (This ancient ruins of tempe is called Hatadage.)
Hatadage, the Shrine of Sixty Relics, which stands opposite the Vatadage. It was claimed to have been built by King Nissankamalla to house the Sacred Tooth Relic and is a handsome edifice, whose plain ashlar walls are very artistically relieved by a double border of faintly incised carving.
4 Chapter House is situated North of the Hatadage, and is closely related to the temples of the Angkor of Cambodia and those of Thailand.
This vertebral column was the motif of lotus stem and the Chapter House was the practice and conference room of monks.
5 Stamahal Prasada; The mysterious pyramid temple known as Satmahal Prasada, Polonnaruwa, Sri Lanka.
This ziggurat-style temple wich consists of six diminishing storeys is an example of south-east asia influence on Sinhalese architecture.
6 Gal Pota (Stone Book)
The stone is 9m long and 1.5m wide, and up to 66cm thick. It’s a representation of an old book and is covered in inscriptions praising King Nissanka Malla. (At any time and in any country, political leaders are stupid.) Inscriptions also show that the stone was brought here all the way from Mihintale, a distance of 100 km.
2 Atadage is the first Tooth Relic Temple of Polonnaruwa.
The Atadage was built by Vijayabahu in the 11th century. The name Atadage means “House of Eight Relics”. What remains of Atadage today are 54 stone pillars which once supported a timber upper floor where the relic was kept.
A big Buddha statue stands near the end of the temple.
1 Recumbent Image House (Image of a recumbent Buddha)
In the past, the magnificent image of recumbent Buddha was on here. Now, still desolated a cornerstone, a stone stairway and a few of stone columns are on here.