Dalada Maluwa, Polonnaruwa

Just a short strall north from the Shiva Devaraya Temple ruins, It is a area of Sacred Dalada Maluwa (Dalada Courtyard), it’s usually referred as the Quadrangle. Quadrangle is literally a compact group of fascinating ruins in a raised-up area bounded by walls. The Quadrangle was built under rulers Vijayabahu I (1056-1111), Parakramabahu I (1153-1186) and Nissanka Malla (1187-1196).

The Sacred Quadrangle

The Sacred Quadrangle

The Sacred Quandrangle contains buildings that either housed the tooth relic of Buddha or else were dedicated to worshipping the relic. Whatever the reality is, this area is considered to be the religious heart and soul of Polonnaruwa as it contains the oldest and most sacred buildings in the city.

I got into the sanctuary through the eastern gate.

The Eastern entrance and stone colonnade of the Quadrangle

The Eastern entrance and stone colonnade of the Quadrangle / DALADA- MALUVA BUILDINGS ON THIS QUADRVGLE WERE EITHER SHRINES FOR THE TOOTH‐RELIC OR CONNECTED WITH ITS WORSHIP

Go up this stone stairs and passing through the path of the stone colonnade, then came up between Vatadage and Hatadage of the Quadrangle.

Famous circular temple Vatadage, Quadrangle Polonnaruwa

Famous circular temple Vatadage, Quadrangle Polonnaruwa

Hatadage, the first temple enshrined the Buddha tooth

Hatadage, the first temple enshrined the Buddha tooth, in the Quadrangle

3 Hatadage (This ancient ruins of tempe is called Hatadage.)

Massive stone work of Hatadage

Massive stone work of Hatadage

Hatadage description plate; you should read this plate.

Hatadage description plate; you should read this plate.

The entrance steps and inner sanctuary of Hatadage.

The entrance steps and inner sanctuary of Hatadage.

Image of Gautama Buddha flanked by two attendants inner sanctuary of Hatadage

Image of Gautama Buddha flanked by two attendants inner sanctuary of Hatadage

Hatadage, the Shrine of Sixty Relics, which stands opposite the Vatadage. It was claimed to have been built by King Nissankamalla to house the Sacred Tooth Relic and is a handsome edifice, whose plain ashlar walls are very artistically relieved by a double border of faintly incised carving.

4 Chapter House is situated North of the Hatadage, and is closely related to the temples of the Angkor of Cambodia and those of Thailand.

Chapter House Quadrangle Polonnaruwa

Chapter House Quadrangle Polonnaruwa

Mysterious stone pillar and description plate of the Chapter House

Mysterious stone pillar and description plate of the Chapter House

This vertebral column was the motif of lotus stem and the Chapter House was the practice and conference room of monks.

5 Stamahal Prasada; The mysterious pyramid temple known as Satmahal Prasada, Polonnaruwa, Sri Lanka.

 Stamahal Prasada Quadrangle Polonnaruwa 

Stamahal Prasada Quadrangle Polonnaruwa

This ziggurat-style temple wich consists of six diminishing storeys is an example of south-east asia influence on Sinhalese architecture.

6 Gal Pota (Stone Book)

Gal Pota (Stone Book) Quadrangle Polonnaruwa;  You can see Chapter House and Stamahal Prasada beyond the Gal Pote

Gal Pota (Stone Book) Quadrangle Polonnaruwa; You can see Chapter House and Stamahal Prasada beyond the Gal Pote.

The stone is 9m long and 1.5m wide, and up to 66cm thick. It’s a representation of an old book and is covered in inscriptions praising King Nissanka Malla. (At any time and in any country, political leaders are stupid.) Inscriptions also show that the stone was brought here all the way from Mihintale, a distance of 100 km.

2 Atadage is the first Tooth Relic Temple of Polonnaruwa.

Atadage Quadrangle Polonnaruwa

Atadage Quadrangle Polonnaruwa

The Atadage was built by Vijayabahu in the 11th century. The name Atadage means “House of Eight Relics”. What remains of Atadage today are 54 stone pillars which once supported a timber upper floor where the relic was kept.

Tooth Relic Temple Atadage

Tooth Relic Temple Atadage

A big Buddha statue stands near the end of the temple.

1 Recumbent Image House (Image of a recumbent Buddha)

Recumbent Image House Quadrangle Polonnaruwa

Recumbent Image House Quadrangle Polonnaruwa

In the past, the magnificent image of recumbent Buddha was on here. Now, still desolated a cornerstone, a stone stairway and a few of stone columns are on here.

Found some flowers in the Quadrangle

Found some flowers in the Quadrangle

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