Shiva Devaraya (No. 1), Polonnaruwa

On the way to the Quadrangle, dropped in at the temple of Shiva Devalaya (Shiva Devale No. 1).

Shiva is the god of destruction and transformation, one of the principal deities in Hinduism. Devalaya is probably Deva Raya I (the year of birth is unknown, reigned 1406–1422 CE). He was a king of the Vijayanagara Empire (of the Sangama Dynasty) South India.

The Shiva Devaraya shrine among the green

The Shiva Devaraya shrine among the green, taken from the car.

The Shiva Devalaya is located between the Royal Palace complex and the sacred Quadrangle.

The front of the Shiva Devaraya Shrine

The front of the Shiva Devaraya Temple

Got off the car, went up the left side steps and entered the temple yard.

Ruins of Shiva Devaraya Temple

Ruins of Shiva Devaraya Temple

The builder of this Hindu Temple is not clearly identified. But its believed that this was constructed in 13th century AD by south Indian invaders.

Tried to go into the ruins of the Hindu temple.

Tried to go into the ruins of the Hindu temple, a narrow stone room.

This Devalaya is build mainly with the stonework, which were done very precisely and no plastering were done to connect the stone bricks to each other.

Entering the next room.

Entering the next room.

Today you can’t see the roof of the temple of  Shiva Devalaya, but it is believed that the roof was done in bricks. The domed brick roof has collapsed.

There was a small mysterious stone sculpture in the center of the room.

There was a small mysterious stone sculpture in the center of the room.

According to the guidebook, “You can see the stone Shiva lingam (ශිවගේ) inside, it’s still worshiped by the people nowadays.”

Photograph of the rear of the temple

Photograph of the rear of the temple

When this temple has been excavated, there was a lot of excavated articles. Now you can see them in the Archaeological Museum of Polonnaruwa.

Photographs of image of the Hindu; from the Archaeological Museum of Polonnaruwa.

Photographs of image of the Hindu; from the Archaeological Museum of Polonnaruwa.

Except one standing statue, all of the statue fold thier legs. Why? If someone know it, please tell me.

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