Isurumuniya is a Buddhist temple situated near to the Tisawewa (Tisa tank). There are four carvings of special interest in this Vihara (Buddhist monastery). They are the Isurumuniya Lovers, Elephant Pond and the Royal Family.
The temple was built by King Devanampiya Tissa who ruled in the ancient Sri Lankan capital of Anuradhapura. After 500 children of high-caste were ordained, Isurumuniya was built for them to reside.
King Kasyapa I (473-491 AD) renovated this viharaya and named it as “Boupulvan, Kasubgiri Radmaha Vehera”. This name is derived from names of his 2 daughters and his name.
There is a viharaya connected to a cave and above is a cliff. A small stupa is built on it. It can be seen that the constructional work of this stupa belong to the present period.
Exhibition of Isurumuniya Vihara
The Royal Family carving is carved on a Granite plate. There are five human figures carved on this plate. The human figure in the center is King Dutugamunu, who has a tall crown on his head.
6th Century Gupta style carving. The woman, seated on the man’s lap, lifts a warning finger, probably as a manifestation of her coyness; but the man carries on regardless. It’s known that he gave up the throne for her. (Sometimes hear the story to give up the throne for a favorite woman lately.)
After the museum, I climbed on the back side of the rocky temple, Isurumuniya Vihara.