Pamplona is located to northwest 18km from Monreal. It takes 22 minutes by bus. Pamplona (Iruña in Basque) is the historical capital city of Navarre, in Spain, and of the former Kingdom of Navarre.
(1) Rio Agra (2) Museo de Navarra (3) Ayunta-miento (4) Catedral (5) San Lorenzo (6) San Satrnino (7) Museo Diocesano (8) Palacio Episcopal (9) San Nicolas (10) Plaza de Toros (11) Palacio de Navarra (12) Ciudadela
(1) Rio Agra (Agra River)
The Arga is a river of Navarre and one of the tributaries of the river Ebro. The Arga was known as the river Runa in antiquity, the river stretches some 145 kilometres.
(2) Museo de Navarra (Museum of Navarre)
The museum of Navarre has numerous prehistoric archaeological remains, along with Roman items, Romanesque and Moorish art, Gothic and Renaissance works; there is also a collection of paintings from the 17th and 18th centuries, as well as works by 19th century artists from Navarre.
(3) Ayunta-miento (City Council)
The headquarters of Pamplona’s City Council is located in Casa Consistorial (City Hall). The balcony of this building is where the annual festival of San Fermín, whose most famous event, Encierro (Running of the Bulls) is kicked off.
(4) Catedral (Cathedral) of Pamplona
The Cathedral of Royal Saint Mary is the Roman Catholic cathedral of the archdiocese of Pamplona, Spain. The current 15th century Gothic temple replaced an older Romanesque one.
(5) Iglesia San Lorenzo (Church of St. Lorenzo)
The church of San Lorenzo is a religious building catholic in the old quarter of the city of Pamplona. The church was fortified at one end of the main street, Taconera and was part of the defensive system of the city.
Relics from the Middle Ages 14 century of the church are hardly remains and the most valuable architectural element today is the chapel of San Fermin.
(6) Iglesia de San Saturnino, (Church of St. Saturnino)
The church of San Saturnino (commonly called San Cernin in French) is a religious building catholic in the old quarter of the city of Pamplona. The present church is Gothic of the thirteenth century.
(7) Museo Diocesano (Pamplona Diocesan Cathedral Museum)
The museum is in buildings adjacent to the Cathedral, and displays items of religious art from Navarre. Highlights of the collection are the Romanesque and Gothic statues of the Virgin Mary (12th-15th centuries).
(8) Palacio Episcopal (Episcopal Palace Pamplona)
The Episcopal Palace of Pamplona is a baroque building of the eighteenth century. Although Pamplona was an episcopal city from the time Visigoth, the bishop did not have own residence until the construction of this building.
(9) Iglesia de San Nicolás (St. Nicholas Church)
San Nicolás is a historical church in Pamplona. It was built in the 12th century not only with religious functions, but also as a defensive bastion of the quarter during the strife with the neighbouring ones of St. Saturnino and Navarrería.
In 1222 the original Romanesque church was destroyed by a fire, and was replaced by a new building, consecrated in 1231. The interior is in Gothic style, from different phases.
(10) Plaza de Toros (Toros Square of Pamplona)
Plaza de Toros de Pamplona is a bullring in Pamplona. It is currently used for bull fighting. The stadium holds 19,720 people. It was built in 1922. It is the ending point of the famous Running of the bulls during the festival of San Fermín.
(11) Palacio de Navarra (Palace of Navarra)
In the heart of Pamplona, between the Plaza del Castillo and the Paseo de Sarasate, stands the Palacio de Navarre, seat of the Presidency of the Regional Government and a number of administrative offices of Navarre. The complex, built in 1840, is a palatial building in a serious, powerful and solemn neo-Classical style that is surrounded by several columns.
(12) Ciudadela (The Citadel of Pamplona)
The Citadel of Pamplona was built during Felipe II´s reign in order to face the French army. It has a combined surface area of 280 000 square meters. Its structure has the form of a regular pentagon with five bastions in its corners, from which only three of them have arrived to our days.
It is the best example of military architecture from the Spanish Renaissance.
I will be walking around the city of Pamplona in the next post.