Bratislava Castle is the main castle of Bratislava. The massive rectangular building with four corner towers stands on an isolated rocky hill of the Little Carpathians directly above the Danube river in the middle of Bratislava.
Because of its size and location, it has been a dominant feature of the city for centuries.
Past the front of the West terrace I went up the hill.
A Gothic castle which is known from the 10th century, but the castle hill was inhabited also in the Celtic and the Great Moravian era. In the middle of the 16th century, Bratislava became the official coronation town for Hungarian Kings and at the castle there was a residence of the king. Later, the castle was rebuild in a Renaissance style. The south-west tower – also known as the jewel’s tower – housed the Hungarian coronation jewels for two centuries.The last large reconstruction in Baroque style took place under the reign of Maria Theresia (1740-1780). In 1811, the castle was burnt down and only ruins were left. It was reconstructed in 1956-68. Bratislava Castle is an important landmark and a National Cultural Monument.
Svätopluk I, also known as Svatopluk the Great was a ruler of Great Moravia, which attained its maximum territorial expansion during his reign (870–894)
I met a local young family, they looked not so wealthy but they were happy.
Vienna Gate is the main entrance to the Castle complex provides Viennese Gate, which stands next to today’s headquarters Slovak Parliament. It was built in 1712 to mark the coronation of Charles III., Father of Maria Theresa, a Hungarian king.
During the Renaissance and early Baroque eras, the castle was further developed with a regular quadrilateral ground plan around the main courtyard. Leopold’s Gate was added in 1674. Leopold’s Courtyard, inside the Sigismund Gate and below the Court of Honor, is the Leopold Yard with bastions, constructed in the 17th century.
During the Middle Ages the castle was greatly modified to meet prevailing standards, though the Sigismund Gate is the only preserved portion of that medieval structure that can be seen by visitors.
Reconstruction of the Great Moravian buildings foundations of 9 up to 12 century.
Elizabeth of Hungary (17 November 1231) was a princess of the Kingdom of Hungary, Landgravine of Thuringia in Germany and a greatly venerated Catholic saint. Elizabeth was married at the age of 14, and widowed at 20. After her husband’s death she sent her children away and regained her dowry, using the money to build a hospital where she herself served the sick. She became a symbol of Christian charity after her death at the age of 24 and was quickly canonized.
St. Nicholas Gate in the south-west was built in the 16th century.
Luginsland is a German word meaning “guard tower.”
Bratislava Castle Museum
Bratislava Castle Museum documents the development of society in Slovakia from the Middle Ages until the present day. It holds extensive collections of coins, furniture, visual arts, clocks, historical weapons, glass items, porcelain and ceramics, fashion accessories and silver articles.
The location provides excellent views of Bratislava, Austria and, in clear weather, parts of Hungary. Many legends are connected with the history of the castle.
The view of the Danube from Bratislava Castle.