The Slovak Republic is a landlocked state in Central Europe. It has a population of
over five million and an area of about 49,000 square kilometres. Slovakia is
bordered by the Czech Republic and Austria to the west, Poland to the north,
Ukraine to the east and Hungary to the south. The largest city is the capital,
Bratislava, and the second largest is Košice.
The flag and the coat of arms of Slovakia both include the double cross. It was introduced to the territory of today’s Slovakia by Constantine and Methodius, who brought Christianity to Slavic empire of Great Moravia in the 9th century. In Slovakia, the double cross as a symbol of Lorraine is considered to have arisen when the Great Moravian king Svätopluk I “passed” it to Zwentibold of Lorraine, the godchild of Svätopluk and son of the emperor Arnulf of Carinthia.
Slovak culture reflects rich folk traditions, in addition to broader European influence. There are numerous aspects to the culture.
Slovakia is replete with gothic churches, medieval towns, majestic mountains and looming castles along bucolic rural landscapes. Fittingly, legend after legend arose in such surroundings.
From music and dance ensembles, to handicrafts, open-air markets and festivals, folk traditions are alive and well in modern-day Slovakia.
Slovakia features natural landscapes, mountains, caves, medieval castles and towns, folk architecture, spas and ski resorts.