Zoroastrianism temple and Holy Fire Baku, Azerbaijan

Zoroastrianism is an ancient Iranian religion and a religious philosophy. It was once the state religion of the Parthian dynasties. At that time, majority of Persians believed in Zoroastrianism. The world’s oldest prophet, patriarch Zoroaster (Zarasushutora) is said that he lived between from1000 BC to 1600 BC, but his details are unknown.

File:Faravahar-Gold.svg

Symbol of Zoroastrianism

Zoroastrianism is a religion right and wrong dualistic. It is the ritual of thanks to be said that it is the most important in some rituals of the Zoroastrianism. It is thought that this brings peace and order in the material to mental world.

Believers in Zoroastrianism worship the pure “fire” as a symbol of light (good).

Holy Fire

Holy Fire

The holy fire that Zarasushutora fired continues blazing without going out in the temple. In all temples of Zoroastrianism, not idols in temples, believers to worship toward the flame.

Atashgah Zoroastrian Fire Temple is a castle-like religious structure in Surakhani, a suburb of Baku. “Atash” is the Persian word for fire.

The Gate of Zoroaster Temple

The Gate of Zoroaster Temple

The Entrance of The Zoroaster Temple

The Entrance of The Zoroaster Temple

Main Altar of the Shrine

Main Altar of the Shrine

The gate and walls

The gate and walls

Cells for pilgrims line the wall inside and surround the main altar in the center of the temple – a quadrangular pavilion with the fire on the altar inside.

Cells of walls for monks pilgrims, and travelers

Cells of walls for monks, pilgrims and travelers

Artificial life scenes of ancient people are on display in the cells inside.

The cell inside, traveler and donkeys.

The cell inside, traveler and donkeys.

Life of ancient people

Life of ancient people

Funeral scene

Funeral scene, corpse

I left Atashgah Zoroastrian Fire Temple, through the oil field, for Yanar Dag.

Absheron Peninsula and Caspian Sea are to produce oil.

Absheron Peninsula and Caspian Sea are to produce oil.

Azerbaijan is an oil-producing country.

Azerbaijan is an oil-producing country.

Street near Yanar Dag

Street near Yanar Dag

Yanar Dag is a natural gas fire which blazes up continuously on a hillside in suburbs of Baku. It is known as the “land of fire.” Flames dose jet out into the air 3.0 m from a thin, porous sandstone layer.

Yanar Dag

Yanar Dag

In the 13th century, when Marco Polo visited the then-Persian city of Baku, he mentioned numerous mysterious flames that could be found all over the region at various places of the Absheron Peninsula.

Sacred Flame

Sacred Flame

These fires gave Azerbaijan the moniker “Land of Fire“. Even five centuries after Marco Polo, French writer Alexandre Dumas witnessed natural flames in a mysterious fire temple.

Near the flame is considerably hot.

Near the flame is considerably hot.

One can easily understand, how these natural flames must have amazed and terrified people in history, and it doesn’t come as a surprise that the natural fires of Azerbaijan are considered to have played a crucial part in the creation of Zoroastrianism – a mystical faith, centered around ceremonial fire cults, which appeared in the region around 2,000 years ago.

 

 

 

3 thoughts on “Zoroastrianism temple and Holy Fire Baku, Azerbaijan

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s