Zoroastrianism is an ancient Iranian religion and a religious philosophy. It was once the state religion of the Parthian dynasties. At that time, majority of Persians believed in Zoroastrianism. The world’s oldest prophet, patriarch Zoroaster (Zarasushutora) is said that he lived between from1000 BC to 1600 BC, but his details are unknown.
Zoroastrianism is a religion right and wrong dualistic. It is the ritual of thanks to be said that it is the most important in some rituals of the Zoroastrianism. It is thought that this brings peace and order in the material to mental world.
Believers in Zoroastrianism worship the pure “fire” as a symbol of light (good).
The holy fire that Zarasushutora fired continues blazing without going out in the temple. In all temples of Zoroastrianism, not idols in temples, believers to worship toward the flame.
Atashgah Zoroastrian Fire Temple is a castle-like religious structure in Surakhani, a suburb of Baku. “Atash” is the Persian word for fire.
Cells for pilgrims line the wall inside and surround the main altar in the center of the temple – a quadrangular pavilion with the fire on the altar inside.
Artificial life scenes of ancient people are on display in the cells inside.
I left Atashgah Zoroastrian Fire Temple, through the oil field, for Yanar Dag.
Yanar Dag is a natural gas fire which blazes up continuously on a hillside in suburbs of Baku. It is known as the “land of fire.” Flames dose jet out into the air 3.0 m from a thin, porous sandstone layer.
In the 13th century, when Marco Polo visited the then-Persian city of Baku, he mentioned numerous mysterious flames that could be found all over the region at various places of the Absheron Peninsula.
These fires gave Azerbaijan the moniker “Land of Fire“. Even five centuries after Marco Polo, French writer Alexandre Dumas witnessed natural flames in a mysterious fire temple.
One can easily understand, how these natural flames must have amazed and terrified people in history, and it doesn’t come as a surprise that the natural fires of Azerbaijan are considered to have played a crucial part in the creation of Zoroastrianism – a mystical faith, centered around ceremonial fire cults, which appeared in the region around 2,000 years ago.