Shemakha (Şamaxı) is a city in the capital of the Shamakhi Rayon of Azerbaijan. The city’s estimated population is about 32,000. It is located 122 km west of the capital city, Baku.
Ancient city Shemakha is a little, quiet and tasteful town.
The city has a rich historical heritage for two thousand years.
The Gulistan fortress was originally constructed in the 8th-9th centuries and rebuilt in the 12th-13th centuries.
Gulistan Fortress was a very powerful structure. Its walls, according to historians, surrounded Shirvan Dynasty Palace when Shamakhi was the capital city.
Yeddi Gumbez, Shemakha; At the foot of Gulistan Fortress is located Yeddi Gumbez Mausoleum called “Seven Domes”. The monument’s name is defined to be the number of gravestones in the crypt.
The representatives of Shirvan Dynasty were buried there.
Today the gravestones look like half-destroyed stone domes as if grown directly from
under the ground in the middle of deserted graveyard. I went into one of these domes.
The atmosphere in the dome feels a little mysterious with manes souls.
Juma Mosque of Shemakha (Friday Mosque – Friday cathedral mosque in Shemakha)
Shemakha Juma Mosque was built in 743 and is one of the most ancient mosques in the South Caucasus.
In its history eleven major earthquakes have rocked Shemakha, but through multiple reconstructions it maintained its role as the economic and administrative capital of Shirvan and one of the key towns on the Silk Road.
The only building to have survived eight of the eleven earthquakes is the landmark Juma Mosque.
Shemakha rich mountain forests and meadows, is located in areas of moderate humidity. Most of this area is a resort area with numerous springs of mountain water.
The town is situated at an altitude of 800 meters above sea level in the southern part of the Greater Caucasus.