Erebuni Fortress, Yerevan

Ancient Yerevan starts from the hill of Arin-Berd in south-east of Yerevan, where archeologists have restored the ruins of the ancient fortress of Erebuni. The name Yerevan itself is derived from Erebuni. 

The whole of the remains of Erebuni Fortress

The whole of the remains of Erebuni Fortress

A part of the fortress seeing first, outer portico-post

A part of the fortress seeing first, outer portico-post

Castle walls of the Erebuni fortress

Castle walls of the Erebuni fortress

Entrance of the Erebuni fortress 

Entrance of the Erebuni fortress

Remains of the ancient structure of Erebuni Fortress

Remains of the ancient structure of Erebuni Fortress

A part of the ancient palace of Erebuni fortress

A part of the ancient palace of Erebuni fortress

The walls of the old palace of the fortress is full of graffitis.

The walls of the old palace of the fortress is full of graffitis

Erebuni was founded by Urartian King Argishti I in 782 BC. It was built on top of a hill called Arin-Berd overlooking the Arax River Valley to serve as a military stronghold to protect the kingdom’s northern borders. (Arax River is a river located in and along the countries of Turkey, Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Iran. Its total length is 1,072 kilometers.)

The sixth King Argishti I of Urartu

The sixth King Argishti I of Urartu

Argishti I was the sixth king of Urartu, reigning from 786 BC to 764 BC. A son and the successor of Menua, he continued the series of conquests initiated by his predecessors. Victorious against Assyria, he conquered the northern part of Syria and made Urartu the most powerful state in the post-Hittite Near East. He also expanded his kingdom north to the Lake Sevan conquering much of Diauehi and the Ararat Valley. Argishti built the Erebuni Fortress in 782 BC and the fortress of Argishtikhinili in 776 BC.

The tourists who gathered in the remains

The tourists who gathered in the remains

There were a lot of tourists. They just climb the hill, look at the town of Yerevan, take some souvenir pictures and leave while chatting. The excavation still continues.

Erebuni master plan of citadel

Erebuni master plan of citadel

The excavation continues

The excavation continues

I did not know the history of Caucasus, but it is very interesting.

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