Armenia is a landlocked country, a mountain in the South Caucasus region of Eurasia. Situated at the crossroads between Western Asia and Eastern Europe on the border with Turkey to the west of Georgia, North de facto independent Nagorno-Karabakh and Azerbaijan in the east, and Iran and Nakhichevan enclave of Azerbaijan to the south.
Of the approximately three million people who live in Armenia, over 95% are ethnic Armenians. In addition, Russians, Yezidis, Kurds, Greeks, and Assyrians are among the minorities who call Armenia home. Two third of the residents live in urban areas, while about one third are in rural communities. The bustling and rapidly developing capital, Yerevan is home to slightly over a million people.
The average life expectancy in Armenia is about 72 years. Overall, the population of Armenians world-wide is estimated to be 10 million, many comprising Diaspora communities in Russia, the US, Europe and the Middle East.
The Armenians, an ancient people living on an ancient land, call Armenia “Hayastan,” and themselves “Hai.” Oral history explains the lineage of the Armenian people as being the direct descendants of Noah’s son Japheth. The indigenous people of the land of Ararat, Armenians forged their national identity with the rise of powerful Armenian kingdoms, the adoption of Christianity as Armenia’s state religion, and the creation of the Armenian alphabet, which spurred the development of literature, philosophy, and science.