Caucasus

The Caucasus is a region at the border of Europe and Asia, situated between the Black and the Caspian Seas. It is home to the Caucasus Mountains, which contain Europe’s highest mountain, Mount Elbrus. Politically, the Caucasus region is separated between northern and southern parts.  

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Greater Caucasus is the major mountain range of the Caucasus Mountains.

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Mount Elbrus is a dormant volcano located in the western Caucasus mountain range, in Russia, near the border of Georgia. Mt. Elbrus’s peak is the highest in the Caucasus, in Russia. While there are differing authorities on how the Caucasus are distributed between Europe and Asia, many sources agree that Elbrus is also the highest mountain in all of Europe, or the highest in western Asia. Mt. Elbrus (west summit) stands at 5,642 metres; the east summit is slightly lower at 5,621 metres.

The Caucasus region is a mountain range lying between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea, considered part of the natural boundary between Europe and Asia. Geographically it is usually considered part of Western Asia, adjacent to northeastern Turkey and northwestern Iran. But culturally, this portion of Russia and these small former Soviet republics are arguably part of Eastern Europe suffering from the same ethnic-hatred and tension that has plagued the Balkans including recent wars in Georgia, Azerbaijan and Chechnya.

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