Ancient Capital Memphis, Egypt

The Memphis open air museum at Mit Rahina is located to 4km east of Saqqara.

The town scenery of the Mit Rahina town

The town scenery of the Mit Rahina

Mit Rahina

Town of Mit Rahina

According to legend, the city was founded by the pharaoh Menes around 3000 BC. Memphis was the ancient capital of Aneb-Hetch, the first nome (district) Lower Egypt.

The Memphis open air museum

The Memphis open air museum

Memphis, capital of Egypt during the Old Kingdom, it remained an important city throughout ancient Mediterranean history.

The Memphis open air museum

The Memphis open air museum

The Memphis open air museum

The Memphis open air museum

Ancient Greece historian Herodotus describes, after builing a reclamation dike and changing the flow of the Nile Pharaoh Menes built a Memphis as the capital. But according to the ancient tradition, Menes made ​​a habit of sacrifice and luxurious lifestyle.

Egyptian first king, Pharaoh Menes

Egyptian first king, Pharaoh Menes

And some Egyptologist says, his reign was 62-year and killed by hippopotamus.
At least, Menes is the form of the king’s name that was used by the 3rd century B.C. Two other first dynasty kings’ names are associated with Menes, Narmer and Aha.

Pretty Sphinx

The Sphinx of Memphis (1341-1200 BC)

Pretty Sphinx

The Sphinx made Queen Hatshepsut

The Egyptian guide explained that Queen Hatshepsut was made ​​this Sphinx, so the face of the Sphinx is friendly and similar to her.

The ruins of ancient Memphis have yielded a large number of sculptures representing Pharaoh Rameses II.

The colossus of Rameses II in the open-air museum.

The colossus of Rameses II in the open-air museum.

Within the museum in Memphis is a giant statue of the pharaoh Rameses II carved of monumental limestone, about 10 metres in length. Rameses II is really handsome.

Heading to the hotel in Giza, after this.

5 thoughts on “Ancient Capital Memphis, Egypt

  1. Nice photos but the gold mask is not Menes — it is Psusennes I of Dynasty XXI. The mask was discovered by Pierre Montet on February 21, 1940 in Tanis.

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