The Memphis open air museum at Mit Rahina is located to 4km east of Saqqara.
According to legend, the city was founded by the pharaoh Menes around 3000 BC. Memphis was the ancient capital of Aneb-Hetch, the first nome (district) Lower Egypt.
Memphis, capital of Egypt during the Old Kingdom, it remained an important city throughout ancient Mediterranean history.
Ancient Greece historian Herodotus describes, after builing a reclamation dike and changing the flow of the Nile Pharaoh Menes built a Memphis as the capital. But according to the ancient tradition, Menes made a habit of sacrifice and luxurious lifestyle.
And some Egyptologist says, his reign was 62-year and killed by hippopotamus.
At least, Menes is the form of the king’s name that was used by the 3rd century B.C. Two other first dynasty kings’ names are associated with Menes, Narmer and Aha.
The Egyptian guide explained that Queen Hatshepsut was made this Sphinx, so the face of the Sphinx is friendly and similar to her.
The ruins of ancient Memphis have yielded a large number of sculptures representing Pharaoh Rameses II.
Within the museum in Memphis is a giant statue of the pharaoh Rameses II carved of monumental limestone, about 10 metres in length. Rameses II is really handsome.
Heading to the hotel in Giza, after this.