Dahshour is a small village approximately a population of 15,000 and located 8km south of Saqqara . It looks like the vellage of Saqqara.
Dahshur is famous for its royal necropolis located in the desert on the west bank of the Nile. It is known chiefly for several pyramids, two of which are among the oldest, largest and best preserved in Egypt, built from 2613-2589 BC.
The Red Pyramid is the largest of the three major pyramids located at the Dahshur necropolis. Named for the rusty reddish hue of its sandstones, it is also the third largest Egyptian pyramid, after those of Khufu and Khafra at Giza. The Red Pyramid is 105 metres high. It was the third pyramid built by Old Kingdom Pharaoh Sneferu.
Sneferu is an ancient pharaoh of Egypt, the old kingdom era and is the founder of the Egyptian fourth dynasty. The reign is 2589 from 2613 B.C.
Pharaoh Sneferu who is the father of the Khufu King built the Red Pyramid in the fourth dynasty for the ancient Egypt, old kingdom era in Dahshur.
The Bent Pyramid is a unique example of early pyramid development in Egypt, this was the second pyramid built by Sneferu as well.
The lower part of the pyramid rises from the desert at a 54-degree inclination, but the top section is built at the shallower angle of 43 degrees, lending the pyramid its very obvious “bent” appearance.
Archaeologists now believe that the Bent Pyramid represents a transitional form between step-sided and smooth-sided pyramids.
After the village of DahshourI, going to the ancient capital, Memphis.