Saqqara, Egypt

After the Great Sphinx, left for the little village, Saqqara.

On the way to Saqqara.

On the way to Saqqara.

Saqqara is a very small village. The villager runs agriculture with the water of the canal from the Nile. They are poor, but are peaceful.

Working farmer in the small village

Working farmer in the small village

Child works well in Saqqara, too.

Child works well in Saqqara, too.

The family who is getting back home in the village.

The family who is getting back home in the village.

Saqqara is 32 km to the south of Cairo and particularly to the extensive ancient necropolis on the plateau above the Nile Valley, the location of tombs and pyramids dating to the Predynastic, Old Kingdom, New Kingdom and Late Periods of ancient Egyptian history.

The Pyramid of Djoser (Step pyramid) is archeological remains in the Saqqara necropolis, northwest of the city of Memphis.

Pyramid of Djoser

Pyramid of Djoser

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Pharaoh Djoser

Djoser was an ancient Egyptian pharaoh of the 3rd dynasty during the Old Kingdom and the founder of this epoque. He was the son of  Pharaoh Khasekhemwy and queen Nimaethap.

In the time, Djoser got mineral resources of Sinai Peninsula. He started power expansion using the wealth and reached to the southern Aswan.

The inscriptions of the former Sehel Island that is located in the Nile, about 3.2 km southwest of Aswan shows expansion of the power, too.

When the country became the famine by a shortage of water of the Nile, he appointed Imhotep who was a priest of Thoth God as a prime minister; and got over the difficulties.

Roofed colonnade corridor

Roofed colonnade corridor

Roofed colonnade corridor leading into the complex, with stone pillars carved to imitate bundled plant stems.

Pyramid of Djoser (Step pyramid)

Pyramid of Djoser (Step pyramid)

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It was built during the 27th century BC for the burial of Pharaoh Djoser by Imhotep, the vizier (The highest official in Ancient Egypt to serve the pharaoh).

The right image is Imhotep (circa 2650–2600 BC).

He served under the Third Dynasty king Djoser as chancellor to the pharaoh and high priest of the sun god Ra at Heliopolis. He was a superior prime minister. In addition to being a superior architect, he was a good physician. After his death, he was considered to be God as “God of wisdom, medicine and the magic” and was identified with Greek medicine God Asklepios.

The Saqqara Necropolis Complex

The Saqqara Necropolis Complex

The Saqqara Necropolis Complex and Pharaoh Unas

The Saqqara Necropolis Complex and Pylamid of Pharaoh Unas

Pharaoh Unas (ruled 2375-2345 BCE) also built his Pyramid at Saqqara. Inside he placed an undecorated black basalt sarcophagus and built the walls of his burial chamber of fine cream colored alabaster (calcite) carved and painted to resemble a sacred tent with a ceiling of golden stars. Here was engraved the first known example of the “Book of the Dead”, careful instructions on overcoming the obstacles of the next world. This beautiful chamber is yet another treasure of Ancient Egypt.

The inside of Pharaoh Unas’ Pyramid at Saqqara

Village of Saqqara

Village of Saqqara

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