After the Great Sphinx, left for the little village, Saqqara.
Saqqara is a very small village. The villager runs agriculture with the water of the canal from the Nile. They are poor, but are peaceful.
Saqqara is 32 km to the south of Cairo and particularly to the extensive ancient necropolis on the plateau above the Nile Valley, the location of tombs and pyramids dating to the Predynastic, Old Kingdom, New Kingdom and Late Periods of ancient Egyptian history.
The Pyramid of Djoser (Step pyramid) is archeological remains in the Saqqara necropolis, northwest of the city of Memphis.
Djoser was an ancient Egyptian pharaoh of the 3rd dynasty during the Old Kingdom and the founder of this epoque. He was the son of Pharaoh Khasekhemwy and queen Nimaethap.
In the time, Djoser got mineral resources of Sinai Peninsula. He started power expansion using the wealth and reached to the southern Aswan.
The inscriptions of the former Sehel Island that is located in the Nile, about 3.2 km southwest of Aswan shows expansion of the power, too.
When the country became the famine by a shortage of water of the Nile, he appointed Imhotep who was a priest of Thoth God as a prime minister; and got over the difficulties.
Roofed colonnade corridor leading into the complex, with stone pillars carved to imitate bundled plant stems.
It was built during the 27th century BC for the burial of Pharaoh Djoser by Imhotep, the vizier (The highest official in Ancient Egypt to serve the pharaoh).
The right image is Imhotep (circa 2650–2600 BC).
He served under the Third Dynasty king Djoser as chancellor to the pharaoh and high priest of the sun god Ra at Heliopolis. He was a superior prime minister. In addition to being a superior architect, he was a good physician. After his death, he was considered to be God as “God of wisdom, medicine and the magic” and was identified with Greek medicine God Asklepios.
Pharaoh Unas (ruled 2375-2345 BCE) also built his Pyramid at Saqqara. Inside he placed an undecorated black basalt sarcophagus and built the walls of his burial chamber of fine cream colored alabaster (calcite) carved and painted to resemble a sacred tent with a ceiling of golden stars. Here was engraved the first known example of the “Book of the Dead”, careful instructions on overcoming the obstacles of the next world. This beautiful chamber is yet another treasure of Ancient Egypt.