Valley of Al-Haiz (or El Haiz) is a oasis located near the western edge of Bahariya depression beside the black desert in Bahariya Oasis.
During the time of the Romans this valley was much greener and arable so it was one of the most important places in Egypt for producing wine.
Near the fortress, a Coptic church was built in a classical basilica style. Built of mudbrick, with whitewashed walls covered in a sort of solidifying mud and straw, it has two levels connected by staircases and was probably built at the end of the 5th Century AD. The walls originally had paintings, but none survive today.
El Haiz marks the limit of the Giza governorate and the beginning of the New Valley. It is the last of the major oasis between Bahariya and the Farafra Oasis. It was an important caravan root in the ancient times.
Drivers cooked our lunch. It was not so good, but we had it then left for the next destination “Crystal Mountain.”