Dendera is a small town in Egypt situated on the west bank of the Nile, about 5 km south of Qena, on the opposite side of the river. It is located approximately 60 kinometers north of Luxor.
Dendera Temple complex (Tmple of Hathor) located about 2.5 km south-east of Dendera, is one of the best-preserved temple complexes in Egypt.
The Old Kingdom pharaoh Pepi I built religious structures at the site and there are still remnants of a temple constructed during the eighteenth dynasty.
To the right of the gateway there is a Roman birth house (Mammisi) which is often ascribed to Trajan but may also have been constructed by Nero.
Mammisi (Mamisi) is a term used for a small chapel attached to a larger temple, and associated with the nativity of a god. The word is derived from Coptic.
Bes is an Ancient Egyptian deity worshipped as a protector of households, and in particular, of mothers and children and childbirth. Bes later came to be regarded as the defender of everything good and the enemy of all that is bad.