Queen Hatshepsut (1508–1458 BC) was the fifth pharaoh of the Eighteenth dynasty of Ancient Egypt. She is also known as “the first great woman in history of whom we are informed.”
She is said that when she was young, she picked up a baby at the river bank of Nile and brought the baby up. The baby was named Moses, with the Exodus of Old Testament.
I believe that she was wise, gentle and a great beauty. She is a perfect woman, however, I advise you that you should not watch her mummy.
Mortuary Temple of Hatshepsut, (“Holy of Holies”), is located beneath the cliffs at Deir el Bahari on the west bank of the Nile.
The mortuary temple is dedicated to the sun god Amon-Ra and is located next to the mortuary temple of Mentuhotep II, which served both as an inspiration, and later, a quarry.
It is considered one of the “incomparable monuments of ancient Egypt.”
The temple was the site of the massacre of 62 people, mostly tourists, by Islamist extremists that took place on 17 November 1997.
The Valley of the Queens
The Valley of Queens is a place where wives of Pharaohs were buried in ancient times. It was known as Ta-Set-Neferu, meaning –”the place of the Children of the Pharaoh”, because along with the Queens of the 18th, 19th and 20th dynasties (1550–1070 BC) many princes and princesses were also buried with various members of the nobility.
The tombs of these individuals were maintained by mortuary priests who performed daily rituals and provided offerings and prayers for the deceased nobility.
Tomb of Nefertari
Ramses II had a tomb for Nefertari hewn out in the Valley of the Queens called by the ancients “The Place of Beauty”, this tomb is the most beautiful in the Valley of the Queens, and is on the whole worthy of her position in history.
The decorative motifs on walls and ceilings are mythological and are concerned with life in the netherworld, meetings with gods, deities, genii and monsters, and the entry into the realm of eternity.
In these scenes our queen is represented always wearing long, transparent white garments, with two long feathers over the vulture-like headdress of gold.
She wears rich jewels, in addition to bracelets and a wide golden collar.
Tomb of Amunherkhepeshef
Amun-her-khepeshef was the crown prince of Egypt for the first 25 years of Ramesses II’s reign but eventually predeceased his father in Year 25 of his father’s reign.
This necropolis is said to hold more than seventy tombs, many of which are stylish and lavishly decorated. An example of this is the resting place carved out of the rock for Queen Nefertari. The polychrome reliefs in her tomb are still intact.