Abu Simbel temples in Nubia southern Egypt are situated on the western bank of Lake Nasser, about 230 km southwest of Aswan. The complex is part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site known as the “Nubian Monuments,” which run from Abu Simbel downriver to Philae. (Philae is an island in Lake Nasser.)
The Great Temple, which took about twenty years to build, was completed around year 24 of the reign of Ramesses the Great (which corresponds to 1265 BC). It was dedicated to the gods Amun, Ra-Horakhty, and Ptah, as well as to the deified Rameses himself. It is generally considered the grandest and most beautiful of the temples commissioned during the reign of Rameses II, and one of the most beautiful in Egypt.
The upper photographs are ancient Egyptian gods, Ptah, Amun and Re (or Ra).
Ptah is the patron deity of Memphis, god of craftsmen and architects. Amun was a local deity of Thebes. He was attested since the Old Kingdom together with his spouse Amaunet. Ra was the ancient Egyptian solar deity. he had become a major god in ancient Egyptian religion, identified primarily with the midday sun.
Ramesses II was the third Egyptian pharaoh (reigned 1279 BC – 1213 BC) of the Nineteenth dynasty. He is often regarded as the greatest, most celebrated, and most powerful pharaoh of the Egyptian Empire.
His successors and later Egyptians called him the “Great Ancestor.” (A current Egyptian is Arabic and not a descendant of Ramses. It may be said that Sudanese and Nubian are his descendants. An ancient Egyptian is very excellent.)
Ramesses II led several military expeditions into the Levant (Syria, Lebanon, Jordan, Israel) and Nubia (Sudan), and erected many monuments commemorated in inscriptions there.
The Small Temple : The temple of Hathor and Nefertari, also known as the Small Temple, was built about one hundred meters northeast of the temple of pharaoh Ramesses II and was dedicated to the goddess Hathor and Ramesses II’s chief consort, Nefertari.
Hathor was the goddess of joy, motherhood, and love. She was considered the protectress of pregnant women and a midwife. She was the patron of all women, no matter their station in life.
I took this phot from Abu Simble Temples, the sunbeam was getting into the sanctuaries of the temples.
Great Ramesses, he is so handsome, a sandstorm has gone.