Abu Simbel Temples, Egypt

Abu Simbel temples in Nubia southern Egypt are situated on the western bank of Lake Nasser, about 230 km southwest of Aswan. The complex is part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site known as the “Nubian Monuments,” which run from Abu Simbel downriver to Philae. (Philae is an island in Lake Nasser.)

Abu Simbel temples, the left is The Great Temple and the right is the Small Temple.

Abu Simbel temples, the left is The Great Temple and the right is the Small Temple.

The Great Temple, which took about twenty years to build, was completed around year 24 of the reign of Ramesses the Great (which corresponds to 1265 BC). It was dedicated to the gods Amun, Ra-Horakhty, and Ptah, as well as to the deified Rameses himself. It is generally considered the grandest and most beautiful of the temples commissioned during the reign of Rameses II, and one of the most beautiful in Egypt. 

The Temple of Ramesses II

The Temple of Ramesses II

The morning sunlight is getting into the main hall of the temple.

The morning sunlight is getting into the main hall of the temple.

Wall painting in the Temple "Brave Ramses II fights against Nubian"

Wall painting in the Temple “Brave Ramses II fights against Nubian”

The Sanctuary of the temple, two hundred feet deep in the rock.

The Sanctuary in the temple of Ramesses II is illuminated by the Sun twice a year.
These gods are, left to right, Ptah, Amun, Ramesses II, Re.
  File:Maler der Grabkammer der Nefertari 001.jpg

The upper photographs are ancient Egyptian gods, Ptah, Amun and Re (or Ra).

Ptah is the patron deity of Memphis, god of craftsmen and architects. Amun was a local deity of Thebes. He was attested since the Old Kingdom together with his spouse Amaunet. Ra was the ancient Egyptian solar deity. he had become a major god in ancient Egyptian religion, identified primarily with the midday sun.

Ramesses II was the third Egyptian pharaoh (reigned 1279 BC – 1213 BC) of the Nineteenth dynasty. He is often regarded as the greatest, most celebrated, and most powerful pharaoh of the Egyptian Empire.

Ramesses_II_in_the_Turin_Museum24-2

Ramesses the Great , he is really handsome.

His successors and later Egyptians called him the “Great Ancestor.” (A current Egyptian is Arabic and not a descendant of Ramses. It may be said that Sudanese and Nubian are his descendants. An ancient Egyptian is very excellent.)

Expedition of the Ramses II

Expedition of the Ramesses II

Ramesses II led several military expeditions into the Levant (Syria, Lebanon, Jordan, Israel) and Nubia (Sudan), and erected many monuments commemorated in inscriptions there.

The Small Temple : The temple of Hathor and Nefertari, also known as the Small Temple, was built about one hundred meters northeast of the temple of pharaoh Ramesses II and was dedicated to the goddess Hathor and Ramesses II’s chief consort, Nefertari.

The Small Temple dedicated to Nefertari.

The Small Temple dedicated to Nefertari.

Statue of Nefertari

Statue of Nefertari

Inside of The Small Temple

Inside of The Small Temple

Hathor was the goddess of joy, motherhood, and love. She was considered the protectress of pregnant women and a midwife. She was the patron of all women, no matter their station in life.

Goddess, Hathor

Goddess, Hathor

I took this phot from Abu Simble Temples, the sunbeam was getting into the sanctuaries of the temples.

Sunrise at Nile

Sunrise at Nile

Great Ramesses, he is so handsome, a sandstorm has gone.

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