Gdansk (1) Poland

I arrived at Gdansk and reserved a room at Orbis Posejdon Hotel.    

Orbis Posejdon Hotel GdanskGdansk Orbis Posejdon Hotel

The Orbis Posejdon Gdansk hotel is situated in beautiful gardens just 100 m from the beach. The hotel is the perfect place for guests wanting to relax and be at one with nature. The area offers cycle paths, picturesque beaches and the wooden Sopot pier. I really love this hotel. It was a comfortable stay. (The lower photograph is the Sopot pier.)File:Pl molo sopot.jpg

Gdansk                                                                                                                                     As you know this cheerful maritime city owes its present grandeur to a thousand year of Polish-German history, with a significant period when the town was a key member of the Hanseatic League. Reflecting those times is the exclusive architecture of the Old Town, including the largest brick Gothic church in the world. Home of Lech Walesa, in 1980 it witnessed the birth of the Solidarity movement, bringing the end of Communism in Eastern Europe. Gdańsk is Poland’s principal seaport as well as the capital of the Pomeranin Voivodeship. It is also historically the largest city of the Kashubian region. The city is close to the former late medieval/modern boundary between West Slavic and Germanic lands and it has a complex political history with periods of Polish rule, periods of German rule, and extensive self-rule, with two spells as a free city. It has been part of modern Poland since 1945. Gdańsk has a population of 455,830.
Gdańsk – Old Town, Mariacka streetFile:Gdańsk - Old Town, Mariacka street.JPG
Loitering Gdansk

Gransk city map (click this map to big)

Gdańsk Główny (main) railway stationGdańsk Główny railway station

Gdańsk Główny is a railway station in Gdańsk. The station is the main passenger station for the city of Gdańsk, as it is localised in the centre of the city. Access is easy due to a large number of communication routes intersecting near the station building (both trams and buses).

1 Brama Wyżynna (Gate High in English)

High Gate

Called either the High Gate or the Upland Gate, this silvery-gray brick facade markes the beginning of Gdansk’s so-called Royal Route, through which the king would pass on his visits to the city. This 16th century gate was originally a part of Gdansk’s defensive system, but it now stands as an isolated structure. The bricks are unusual in that they bear a leaf-like pattern, and overhead, you’ll see the crests of Gdansk, Poland, and Prussa.
Prison Tower, Torture House  
Prison Tower, Torture House Prison Tower, Torture House

The Torture House and Prison Tower belong to the Medieval Pre-Gate Complex of Długa Street. The Torture House was rebuilt in 1593 by a Flemish architect, Antoni van Obberghen, and the PrisonTower was raised to its present height in 1508-1509 by Michał Enkinger. Until modern earthworks were erected in the second half of the 16th century, the walls of the gate connected both buildings over a moat filled with water. After completing adaptation work the Torture House will become the seat of the Amber Museum, a part of the Gdańsk Historical Museum.

4 Brotherhood of St.George and 5 Złota Brama  (Golden Gate)

Upland Gate

Brotherhood of St. George is the late-gothic building. Golden Gate (Złota Brama) is one of the most notable tourist attractions of the city. It was raised in 1612–14 in place of the 13th century gothic gate (Brama Długouliczna). It is located at one end of Long Lane (Długa street).

The two-level facade of the gate, designed with three entrances and four enormouns windows, was further elaborated with wonderful columns as well as rich artistic decor. A highly interesting element is the stone balustrade, and a further attractive feature are the sculptures from the hand of the Gdansk artist Piotr Ringering. From the outside we can see the figures which symbolise the values most highly regarded by the city: Peace, Freedom, Wealth, Fame. From Długa Street can be seen characters symbolising: Prudence, Justice and Harmony.

The Dluga and Dlugi Targ Streets (Long Market Streets)Dlugi Targ Streets

Dlugi Targ Streets

The Dluga and Dlugi Targ Streets which are also known as Trakt Krolewski (the Royal Route) rank among the most beautiful streets in Gdansk. The wealthiest Gdansk patricians used to live there and almost every tenement house has its own interesting history to tell. The oldest preserved houses date back to the Middle Ages, but most of the buildings were erected in modern times.

8 Neptune’s FountainNeptune's Fountain  and 9 Artus Court  

      Neptune’s Fountain, in the center of Dlugi Targ (the Long Market) has grown to be one of Gdansk’s most recognizable symbols. The bronze statue of the Roman god of the sea was first erected in 1549, before being aptly made into a fountain in 1633. Like the city he represents, Neptune has had a storied history, himself – dismantled and hidden during World War II, old Neptune didn’t come out of hiding until 1954 when he was restored to his rightful place in the heart of the city, reminding us of Gdansk’s relationship to the sea. Chances are you’ve already had your photo taken with this mighty trident-wielding behemoth, or will soon. The colourful buildings of Dlugi Targ make a great backdrop for any photo-op, so flash those gums and say ‘cheese!’                         The Artus Court used to be the meeting place of merchants and a centre of social life. Today it is a point of interest of numerous visitors and a branch of the Gdańsk History Museum.

7 Main Town Hall and History Museum

11776543Main Town Hall can be seen on any walk through Long Street, as well as from the tower of St. Mary’s Church. The reconstructed medieval Main Town Hall of Gdansk is now a history museum. Visit it to gain perspective on Gdansk’s long and interesting history through exhibits that include weapons, art, and historic artifacts.

13 St. Mary’s Church, also known as Basilica of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary.

St. Mary's ChurchInside St. Mary's Church

Unlike many Gothic churches, St. Mary’s in Gdansk, Poland is bright and airy on the inside. I thougth the white walls and ceiling made the artwork stand out more than in the darker, more somber atmosphere seen in most European Gothic churches. The high, vaulted ceiling and many interesting pieces of artwork make a look inside the church worth your time. St. Mary’s is believed to be the largest brick church in the world. The interior vault supports 37 windows, over 300 tombstones and 31 chapels.

12 Zielona BramaGreen Gate

The Green Gate (Brama Zielona) in Gdańsk is one of the most notable tourist attractions of the city. It is situated between Long Market (Długi Targ) and the River Motława. Together with the Golden Gate and the Highland Gate it was used to span the Long Street and Long Market, called the Royal Route. The Green Gate is a building which is clearly inspired by the Antwerp City Hall.

 Nowa Motlawa; Motława is a river in Eastern Pomerania in Poland.Motława

The Milk Can Tower (Baszta Stagiewna)
Milk Can Gate
The round stone tower is the Milk Cans Tower (Stągiewna, Milchkannenturm), so called because it looks like a milk can.
St. Barbara Church, Gdansk is now the parish church. It has a length of 36 m, width 18 m, height 10 m area is 648 m². Czterdziestometrowa tower dominates the Long Gardens. Placed in the three bronze bells is the gift of a vote of the priests the diocese of Magdeburg.
St. Barbara Church,
The new wall was formed after the demolition of the south aisle is decorated with modern stained glass glass steel design Massalski Barbara. The contemporary design is also a sanctuary. The church is adorned with seven monumental sculptures provided by the Museum.

                                            

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