The old town of Torun
Toruń is an ancient city in northern Poland, on the Vistula River. Its population is 205,934. Toruń is one of the oldest cities in Poland. The medieval old town of Toruń is the birthplace of the astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus.
Torun owes its origins to the Teutonic Order, which built a castle there in the mid-13th century as a base for the conquest and evangelization of Prussia. It soon developed a commercial role as part of the Hanseatic League. In the Old and New Town, the many imposing public and private buildings from the 14th and 15th centuries (among them the house of Copernicus) are striking evidence of Torun’s importance.
Torun City Map
Ahead of graduation, some of students dressed the statue of Copernicus with clothes of the soccer support and kept a trumpet and a soccer ball. The european soccer championship will be held in Poland this year.
I had some pierogi such as the boiled gyoza for lunch at the restaurant of Hotel Gromado next to Palac Dabskich, but It was not so delicious.
Stanisław Kazimierz Dąmbski (born about 1638; died 15 December 1700 in Kraków), was bishop of Krakow, Kujawy, Płock, Łuck and Chełm, all in Poland. In 1693 he built the Dąmbski Palace in Toruń, which features a fine Baroque facade.
The Old City parish Church of SS. John the Baptist and John the Evangelist (Polish: Katedra Św. Jana Chrzciciela i Jana Ewangelisty or in short: Katedra Świętojańska) is one of the oldest churches of the former Teutonic state, a monument to Toruń’s greatest glory and a mine of art objects. It is one of the biggest churches in Poland. The construction work, which lasted for 200 years, was initiated in the mid-13th century, yet the church was given its present form – a high three-aisle hall with side chapels and porches – in the mid-15th century. Inside, the groin and stellar vaults support the 27-meter-high ceiling.
Nicolaus Copernicus House Museum (Birthplace of Copernicus)
Nicolaus Copernicus – an astronomer, mathematician, economist, doctor and clergyman; an all-round Renaissance man; the greatest and most popular native of Toruń. Nicolaus Copernicus was born on 19 February 1473 in the city of Thorn. His father was a merchant from Kraków and his mother was the daughter of a wealthy Thorn merchant.
If you want to know how to use this donkey of torture, please write down email address in the “comment.”
St. Mary Church and its staind glass
The post-Franciscan Church of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary, erected in the second half of the 14th century, is one of the most outstanding artistic and architectural achievements of sacral architecture in Poland. In the 14th century it was the highest hall church in Central Europe with the naves and aisles 26.8 metre high. The church provided inspiration for the extension of St. Johns’ Church in Toruń and St. Mary’s Church in Gdańsk in the 15th century. According to the Franciscan rule, the church does not have a tower but three rather small ave-bell towers instead. The church and the cloister remained in Franciscan hands up to the Reformation period, i.e. up to 1559. The cloister, which was the oldest and most significant in the whole of the Teutonic state, was the residence of the Prussian custos. Here during the synod of 1243 a papal bull was announced dividing the Teutonic state into four dioceses.
The Leaning Tower
The Leaning Tower was a typical fortified tower, built as a part of the city walls at the turn of the 14th century clearly as a straight tower. Initially, despite its four-wall foundation, it did not have the front wall, which facilitated hoisting ammunition onto the higher floors. This tower leant as early as the Middle Ages presumably due to the instability of the ground and has been stable ever since. The tilt of the 15-metre tower is currently 146 cm off the perpendicular on the side of the street. In the 18th century, the tower ceased to perform its defensive function. The fourth wall was added and the ceilings were levelled, while the whole building was designated as prison for women. In the 19th century the tower was converted into a forge and a flat for a gunsmith, while in the second half of the 19th century it was used solely for accommodation purposes. Nowadays it houses a pub and Municipal Instiutution of Culture Toruń 2016.
I walked along Szeroka Strasse (Broad Way of Torun) to buy some souvenir. The following were scenery of Szeroka Street.
Students who reached the graduation made merry on the Szeroka Street.
Spirit of an old town
Ah, the daughter of Babylon,
Listen to the silence of the petrified city,
Feel the beat of the ground, and your soul inside,
It’s a moment before the dawn,
That moment is just yours.
You are selling joy, giving all,
Sleeping to survive most of the life,
Except in that moment before the dawn,
In that moment you are alive again,
Searching for the beauty of the world.
And in that moment you feel your heart,
And pain inside makes your eyes blind,
You feel again the shame of destiny,
Luck that was the Sign under which you were born,
You find joy just to spite, to survive.
In that moment, just before the dawn,
Only hope holds you chained to this life,
Just feeling of a heart makes you not care,
For tomorrow, or the day after that,
You are now alive!