I did not want to go to the concentration camps in Oświęcim. I do not like these places. I don’t want to see human stupidity. Because I well know that a human being is originally stupid, however, the tour conductor forced me to go to there. She has also received some bribes from somewhere.
I think that most people are familiar with Auschwitz concentration camp. So I won’t describe that, but let me explain the city of Oswiecim.
Vistla River and Soła River
Following the Fragmentation of Poland in 1138, Casimir II the Just attached the town to the Duchy of Opole in 1179 for his younger brother Mieszko I Tanglefoot. The town was destroyed in 1241 during the Tatar invasions. Around 1272 the newly rebuilt town created a municipal charter modeled on those of Lwówek Śląski (a Polish variation of the Magdeburg Law). Throughout much of history, Germans and Poles lived together peacefully in the town. From 1315 the town was the capital of independent duchy. In 1327, John I, Duke of Oświęcim joined with a western part of Galicia (Central Europe), the Duchy of Oświęcim, and Duchy of Zator a vassal state attached to the Kingdom of Bohemia. In the 14th century the population declined.
The portion of ethnic Germans in the town shrank and in 1457 the Polish king Casimir IV bought the rights to the town, which was attached afterwards to the Cracow Voivodeship. Jews, invited by Polish kings to settle in the region, had already become the majority of the population] in the 15th century. The town also became one of the centres of Protestant culture inPoland.
The town was destroyed again during the 1655 Swedish Deluge. In 1772 it was annexed byAustriain the First Partition of Poland.
After the 1815 Congress of Vienna, the town was close to the borders of both Russian-controlled Congress Poland, and the Kingdom of Prussia. In the 1866 war between Austriaand the Prussian-led North German Confederation, a cavalry skirmish was fought at the town, in which an Austrian force defeated a Prussian incursion.
Came out of the nightmare, now.