I really love Krakow, and will tell you about the city.
Krakow is the second largest and one of the oldest cities in Poland. Situated on the Vistula River in the Lesser Poland region, the city dates back to the 7th century. Kraków has traditionally been one of the leading centre of Polish academic, cultural, and artistic life and is one of Poland’s most important economic hubs. It was the capital of Poland from 1038 to 1569; the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth from 1569 to 1596, the Grand Duchy of Kraków from 1846 to 1918; and Kraków Voivodeship from the 14th century to 1999. It is now the capital of the Lesser Poland Voivodeship.
Top attraction and the premier tourist destination inPoland, today’s Krakow (dated English spelling ‘Cracow’) is a vibrant city of a million, proud of its long and glorious history, rich heritage, and architectural beauties. For many centuries the capital of the Polish kingdom, nowadays it remains the southern Poland’s metropolis and the seat of the Malopolska provincial government. Important as a crucial center of business, culture, and education,Krakowis also famous for its myriad restaurants and nightspots. An industrial city in southern Polandon the Vistula River.
Kraków Old Town is the historic central district of Kraków. It is one of the most famous old districts in Poland today and was the center of Poland’s political life from 1038 until King Sigismund III Vasa relocated his court to Warsaw in 1596. The entire medieval old town is among the first sites chosen for the UNESCO’s original World Heritage List, inscribed as Cracow’s Historic Centre
Here are some Krakow Maps, I recommend you should spend one day at least in order to explore the old town.
Festival of the Patron Saint of Krakow, St. Stanislaus. (13 May 2012 9:10) Stanislaus of Szczepanów, (July 26, 1030 – April 11, 1079) was a Bishop of Krakow known chiefly for having been martyred by the Polish king Bolesław II the Bold. Stanislaus is venerated in the Roman Catholic Church as Saint Stanislaus the Martyr
The Gothic Wawel Castlein Kraków in Polandwas built at the behest of Casimir III the Great and consists of a number of structures situated around the central courtyard. In the 14th century it was rebuilt by Jogaila and Jadwiga of Poland. Their reign saw the addition of the tower called the Hen’s Foot and the Danish Tower. The Jadwiga and Jogaila Chamber, in which the sword Szczerbiec, was used in coronation ceremonies, is exhibited today and is another remnant of this period. Other structures were developed on the hill during that time as well, in order to serve as quarters for the numerous clergy, royal clerks and craftsmen.
Wawel Cathedral The Wawel Cathedral, Cathedral Basilica of Sts. Stanislaus and Wenceslaus is a Roman Catholic church located on Wawel Hill in Kraków. More than 900 years old, it is the Polish national sanctuary and traditionally has served as coronation site of the Polish monarchs as well as the Cathedral of the Archdiocese of Kraków. Pope John Paul II offered his first Mass as a priest in the Crypt of the Cathedral on 2 November 1946.
St. Mary’s Basilica is a Brick Gothic church rebuilt in the 14th century (originally built in the early 13th century), adjacent to the Main Market Square in Kraków. Standing 80 m tall, it is particularly famous for its wooden altarpiece carved by Veit Stoss. On every hour, a trumpet signal—called the Hejnał mariacki—is played from the top of the taller of St. Mary’s two towers. The plaintive tune breaks off in mid-stream, to commemorate the famous 13th century trumpeter, who was shot in the throat while sounding the alarm before the Mongol attack on the city. The noon-time hejnał is heard across Poland and abroad broadcast live by the Polish national Radio.
For over six centuries, the Jagiellonian University has been at the core of cultural and academic life in Kraków. Today with over 2,500 foreign students attending, it is also becoming an important leader in international programmes taught in English in Central Europe.
The Jewish Quarter (Kazimierz) A holocaust memorial in the square.